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Definition of SUM

3 definitions found:



Sum \Sum\, n. [OE. summe, somme, OF. sume, some, F. somme, L. summa, fr. summus highest, a superlative from sub under. See {Sub-}, and cf. {Supreme}.]
     1. The aggregate of two or more numbers, magnitudes, quantities, or particulars; the amount or whole of any number of individuals or particulars added together; as, the sum of 5 and 7 is 12. [1913 Webster]

              Take ye the sum of all the congregation. --Num. i.
                                                    2. [1913 Webster]

     Note: Sum is now commonly applied to an aggregate of numbers, and number to an aggregate of persons or things. [1913 Webster]

     2. A quantity of money or currency; any amount, indefinitely; as, a sum of money; a small sum, or a large sum. "The sum of forty pound." --Chaucer. [1913 Webster]

              With a great sum obtained I this freedom. --Acts xxii. 28. [1913 Webster]

     3. The principal points or thoughts when viewed together; the amount; the substance; compendium; as, this is the sum of all the evidence in the case; this is the sum and substance of his objections. [1913 Webster]

     4. Height; completion; utmost degree.
        [1913 Webster]

              Thus have I told thee all my state, and brought My story to the sum of earthly bliss. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

     5. (Arith.) A problem to be solved, or an example to be wrought out. --Macaulay. [1913 Webster]

              A sum in arithmetic wherein a flaw discovered at a particular point is ipso facto fatal to the whole.
                                                    --Gladstone. [1913 Webster]

              A large sheet of paper . . . covered with long sums.
                                                    --Dickens. [1913 Webster]

     {Algebraic sum}, as distinguished from arithmetical sum, the aggregate of two or more numbers or quantities taken with regard to their signs, as + or -, according to the rules of addition in algebra; thus, the algebraic sum of -2, 8, and -1 is 5.

     {In sum}, in short; in brief. [Obs.] "In sum, the gospel . .
        . prescribes every virtue to our conduct, and forbids every sin." --Rogers. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

Sum \Sum\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Summed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Summing}.] [Cf. F. sommer, LL. summare.]
     1. To bring together into one whole; to collect into one amount; to cast up, as a column of figures; to ascertain the totality of; -- usually with up. [1913 Webster]

              The mind doth value every moment, and then the hour doth rather sum up the moments, than divide the day.
                                                    --Bacon. [1913 Webster]

     2. To bring or collect into a small compass; to comprise in a few words; to condense; -- usually with up. [1913 Webster]

              "Go to the ant, thou sluggard," in few words sums up the moral of this fable.              --L'Estrange. [1913 Webster]

              He sums their virtues in himself alone. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

     3. (Falconry) To have (the feathers) full grown; to furnish with complete, or full-grown, plumage. [1913 Webster]

              But feathered soon and fledge
              They summed their pens [wings].       --Milton. [1913 Webster]

     {Summing up}, a compendium or abridgment; a recapitulation; a r['e]sum['e]; a summary. [1913 Webster]

     Syn: To cast up; collect; comprise; condense; comprehend; compute. [1913 Webster] Sumac

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

172 Moby Thesaurus words for "sum":
     account, add, add up, addend, affective meaning, aggregate, all, amount, amount of money, amplitude, batch, be-all and end-all, bearing, body, box score, budget, bulk, bunch, cast, cast up, chunk, cipher up, clutch, coloring, compute, condense, connotation, consequence, core, count, count up, deal, denotation, detail, difference, digest, dose, drift, effect, entirety, entity, epitome, essence, extension, extent, figure, figure up, foot, foot up, force, gist, gob, grammatical meaning, grand total, gross, gross amount, group, heap, hunk, idea, impact, implication, import, integral, integrate, intension, inventory, itemize, large amount, lexical meaning, literal meaning, lot, lump sum, magnitude, main point, mass, matter, meaning, measure, measurement, meat, mess, number, numbers, nutshell, overtone, pack, parcel, part, pertinence, pith, plus, plus sign, point, portion, practical consequence, product, purport, quantity, quantum, range of meaning, ration, real meaning, recap, recapitulate, recapitulation, recite, reckon up, reckoning, recount, reference, referent, rehearse, relate, relation, relevance, resume, round sum, run-through, rundown, scope, score, score up, semantic cluster, semantic field, sense, significance, signification, significatum, signifie, small amount, span of meaning, spirit, strength, structural meaning, structure, substance, subtotal, sum and substance, sum total, sum up, summarize, summary, summate, summation, summing-up, symbolic meaning, synopsize, system, tale, tally, tally up, tenor, the amount, the bottom line, the story, the whole story, tot, tot up, total, total up, totality, totality of associations, tote, tote up, transferred meaning, unadorned meaning, undertone, value, whole, whole amount, x number


Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 [moby-thesaurus]


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