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Definition of OIL

4 definitions found:



Oil \Oil\ (oil), n. [OE. oile, OF. oile, F. huile, fr. L. oleum; akin to Gr. ?. Cf. {Olive}.] Any one of a great variety of unctuous combustible substances, more viscous than and not miscible with water; as, olive oil, whale oil, rock oil, etc. They are of animal, vegetable, or mineral origin and of varied composition, and they are variously used for food, for solvents, for anointing, lubrication, illumination, etc. By extension, any substance of an oily consistency; as, oil of vitriol. [1913 Webster]

     Note: The mineral oils are varieties of petroleum. See {Petroleum}. The vegetable oils are of two classes, {essential oils} (see under {Essential}), and {natural oils} which in general resemble the animal oils and fats. Most of the natural oils and the animal oils and fats consist of ethereal salts of glycerin, with a large number of organic acids, principally stearic, oleic, and palmitic, forming respectively stearin, olein, and palmitin. Stearin and palmitin prevail in the solid oils and fats, and olein in the liquid oils. Mutton tallow, beef tallow, and lard are rich in stearin, human fat and palm oil in palmitin, and sperm and cod-liver oils in olein. In making soaps, the acids leave the glycerin and unite with the soda or potash. [1913 Webster]

     {Animal oil}, {Bone oil}, {Dipple's oil}, etc. (Old Chem.), a complex oil obtained by the distillation of animal substances, as bones. See {Bone oil}, under {Bone}.

     {Drying oils}, {Essential oils}. (Chem.) See under {Drying}, and {Essential}.

     {Ethereal oil of wine}, {Heavy oil of wine}. (Chem.) See under {Ethereal}.

     {Fixed oil}. (Chem.) See under {Fixed}.

     {Oil bag} (Zool.), a bag, cyst, or gland in animals, containing oil.

     {Oil beetle} (Zool.), any beetle of the genus {Meloe} and allied genera. When disturbed they emit from the joints of the legs a yellowish oily liquor. Some species possess vesicating properties, and are used instead of cantharides.

     {Oil box}, or {Oil cellar} (Mach.), a fixed box or reservoir, for lubricating a bearing; esp., the box for oil beneath the journal of a railway-car axle.

     {Oil cake}. See under {Cake}.

     {Oil cock}, a stopcock connected with an oil cup. See {Oil cup}.

     {Oil color}.
     (a) A paint made by grinding a coloring substance in oil. (b) Such paints, taken in a general sense. (b) a painting made from such a paint.

     {Oil cup}, a cup, or small receptacle, connected with a bearing as a lubricator, and usually provided with a wick, wire, or adjustable valve for regulating the delivery of oil.

     {Oil engine}, a gas engine worked with the explosive vapor of petroleum.

     {Oil gas}, inflammable gas procured from oil, and used for lighting streets, houses, etc.

     {Oil gland}.
     (a) (Zool.) A gland which secretes oil; especially in birds, the large gland at the base of the tail. (b) (Bot.) A gland, in some plants, producing oil.

     {Oil green}, a pale yellowish green, like oil.

     {Oil of brick}, empyreumatic oil obtained by subjecting a brick soaked in oil to distillation at a high temperature,
        -- used by lapidaries as a vehicle for the emery by which stones and gems are sawn or cut. --Brande & C.

     {Oil of talc}, a nostrum made of calcined talc, and famous in the 17th century as a cosmetic. [Obs.] --B. Jonson.

     {Oil of vitriol} (Chem.), strong sulphuric acid; -- so called from its oily consistency and from its forming the vitriols or sulphates.

     {Oil of wine}, [OE]nanthic ether. See under {[OE]nanthic}.

     {Oil painting}.
     (a) The art of painting in oil colors.
     (b) Any kind of painting of which the pigments are originally ground in oil.

     {Oil palm} (Bot.), a palm tree whose fruit furnishes oil, esp. {Elaeis Guineensis}. See {Elaeis}.

     {Oil sardine} (Zool.), an East Indian herring ({Clupea scombrina}), valued for its oil.

     {Oil shark} (Zool.)
     (a) The liver shark.
     (b) The tope.

     {Oil still}, a still for hydrocarbons, esp. for petroleum.

     {Oil test}, a test for determining the temperature at which petroleum oils give off vapor which is liable to explode.


     {Oil tree}. (Bot.)
     (a) A plant of the genus {Ricinus} ({Ricinus communis}), from the seeds of which castor oil is obtained. (b) An Indian tree, the mahwa. See {Mahwa}. (c) The oil palm.

     {To burn the midnight oil}, to study or work late at night.


     {Volatle oils}. See {Essential oils}, under {Essential}. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

Oil \Oil\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Oiled}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Oiling}.] To smear or rub over with oil; to lubricate with oil; to anoint with oil. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

OIL
         Operator Identification Language (ELI)


V.E.R.A. -- Virtual Entity of Relevant Acronyms (June 2013) [vera]

292 Moby Thesaurus words for "oil":
     Barbados tar, Haliver Oil, Macassar oil, absinthe, adipose tissue, adulation, aid, alcohol, animal oils, anoint, anthracene oil, aquarelle, asphalt-base oil, avocado oil, balm, balsam, bay oil, beechnut oil, beef tallow, beeswax, benzine, blandishment, blarney, blubber, bone oil, bottlenose oil, briquette, bunker, bunkum, burnable, butane, butter, butter up, butterfat, cajolement, cajolery, camphor, candlenut oil, canvas, carapa oil, carbon, castor oil, cater, cedarwood oil, cerate, charcoal, clear the way, clove oil, coal, coal oil, cocoa butter, cod-liver oil, coke, collyrium, combustible, compliment, copaiba, copra oil, corn oil, creosote, croton oil, dab, daub, demulcent, detonate, doegling oil, dope, dose, drag, dress, dripping, drippings, drug, dub, ease, easel-picture, edible oil, electricity, embrocate, embrocation, emollient, equalize, ethane, ethanol, eucalyptus oil, even, expedite, explain, explode, eyewash, eyewater, facilitate, fair words, fat, fawning, feed, fill up, finger painting, fireball, firing, fish oil, flammable, flammable material, flatten, flattery, flaxseed oil, forage, fuel, fuel additive, fuel dope, fuel oil, fuel up, fulminate, furnace oil, gas, gas carbon, gas oil, gas up, gasoline, get around, ghee, glycerolate, goose grease, gouache, grade, grease, grease the ways, grease the wheels, gum spirit, harrow, hasten, help along, hempseed oil, heptane, hexane, honey, honeyed phrases, honeyed words, illuminant, illuminating gas, incense, inflammable, inflammable material, isooctane, jet fuel, jolly, kekuna oil, kerosene, kid along, lamp oil, lanolin, lard, lard oil, laurel butter, lay, lay it on, lemon oil, level, light source, liniment, linseed oil, lipid, lipoma, loose, lotion, lubricate, luminant, make clear, make way for, margarine, medicate, methane, methanol, mineral oil, mineral seal oil, mineral sperm oil, mineral spirits, mow, mutton tallow, naphthalene, naphthene-base oil, natural gas, nut oil, octane, oil of almonds, oil painting, ointment, oleo, oleomargarine, oleoresin, olive oil, open the way, open up, overdo it, painting, palaver, palm oil, palm-kernel oil, paraffin, pave the way, peanut oil, peat, pentane, perilla oil, petrol, petrolatum, petroleum, petroleum benzine, pine oil, pine tar, pine-tar oil, plane, planish, plaster, play up to, pomade, poppyseed oil, porpoise oil, praise, prepare the way, pretty lies, propane, propellant, provender, provision, purvey, quicken, rape oil, refuel, remove friction, ricinus oil, road oil, rocket fuel, rosin grease, rosin oil, run interference for, salve, saturating oil, seal oil, sell, sesame oil, shale naphtha, shave, shortening, simplify, slick, slick on, smear, smooth, smooth down, smooth out, smooth the way, soap, soap the ways, soft soap, soft-soap, soften up, soybean oil, speed, spikenard, stoke, stove oil, string along, stroke, suet, sweet nothings, sweet talk, sweet words, sycophancy, tallow, technical oil, tempera, top off, turf, turpentine, unbar, unblock, unclog, unction, unguent, unguentum, unjam, victual, vulnerary, wash, wash drawing, water, wax, whale oil, wheedling, wood oil, wool fat


Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 [moby-thesaurus]


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