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Definition of IF

3 definitions found:

If \If\, conj. [OE. if, gif, AS. gif; akin to OFries. ief, gef, ef, OS. ef, of, D. of, or, whether, if, G. ob whether, if, OHG. oba, ibu, Icel. ef, Goth. iba, ibai, an interrogative particle; properly a case form of a noun meaning, doubt (cf. OHG. iba doubt, condition, Icel. if, ef, ifi, efi), and therefore orig. meaning, on condition that.]
     1. In case that; granting, allowing, or supposing that; -- introducing a condition or supposition. [1913 Webster]

              Tisiphone, that oft hast heard my prayer, Assist, if [OE]dipus deserve thy care. --Pope. [1913 Webster]

              If thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made bread.                        --Matt. iv. 3. [1913 Webster]

     2. Whether; -- in dependent questions.
        [1913 Webster]

              Uncertain if by augury or chance.     --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

              She doubts if two and two make four.  --Prior. [1913 Webster]

     {As if}, {But if}. See under {As}, {But}.
        [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

Condition \Con*di"tion\, n. [F., fr. L. conditio (better condicio) agreement, compact, condition; con- + a root signifying to show, point out, akin to dicere to say, dicare to proclaim, dedicate. See {Teach}, {Token}.]
     1. Mode or state of being; state or situation with regard to external circumstances or influences, or to physical or mental integrity, health, strength, etc.; predicament; rank; position, estate. [1913 Webster]

              I am in my condition
              A prince, Miranda; I do think, a king. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

              And O, what man's condition can be worse Than his whom plenty starves and blessings curse?
                                                    --Cowley. [1913 Webster]

              The new conditions of life.           --Darwin. [1913 Webster]

     2. Essential quality; property; attribute.
        [1913 Webster]

              It seemed to us a condition and property of divine powers and beings to be hidden and unseen to others.
                                                    --Bacon. [1913 Webster]

     3. Temperament; disposition; character. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

              The condition of a saint and the complexion of a devil.                                --Shak. [1913 Webster]

     4. That which must exist as the occasion or concomitant of something else; that which is requisite in order that something else should take effect; an essential qualification; stipulation; terms specified. [1913 Webster]

              I had as lief take her dowry with this condition, to be whipped at the high cross every morning. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

              Many are apt to believe remission of sins, but they believe it without the condition of repentance.
                                                    --Jer. Taylor. [1913 Webster]

     5. (Law) A clause in a contract, or agreement, which has for its object to suspend, to defeat, or in some way to modify, the principal obligation; or, in case of a will, to suspend, revoke, or modify a devise or bequest. It is also the case of a future uncertain event, which may or may not happen, and on the occurrence or non-occurrence of which, the accomplishment, recission, or modification of an obligation or testamentary disposition is made to depend. --Blount. Tomlins. Bouvier. Wharton. [1913 Webster]

     {Equation of condition}. (Math.) See under {Equation}.

     {On condition} or {Upon condition} (that), used for {if} in introducing conditional sentences. "Upon condition thou wilt swear to pay him tribute . . . thou shalt be placed as viceroy under him." --Shak.

     {Conditions of sale}, the terms on which it is proposed to sell property by auction; also, the instrument containing or expressing these terms.

     Syn: State; situation; circumstances; station; case; mode; plight; predicament; stipulation; qualification; requisite; article; provision; arrangement. See {State}. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

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V.E.R.A. -- Virtual Entity of Relevant Acronyms (June 2013) [vera]

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