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Definition of BUR

1 definition found:



Bur \Bur\, Burr \Burr\ (b[^u]r), n. [OE. burre burdock; cf. Dan. borre, OSw. borra, burdock, thistle; perh. akin to E. bristle (burr- for burz-), or perh. to F. bourre hair, wool, stuff; also, according to Cotgrave, "the downe, or hairie coat, wherewith divers herbes, fruits, and flowers, are covered," fr. L. burrae trifles, LL. reburrus rough.]
     1. (Bot.) Any rough or prickly envelope of the seeds of plants, whether a pericarp, a persistent calyx, or an involucre, as of the chestnut and burdock; a seed vessel having hooks or prickles. Also, any weed which bears burs. [1913 Webster]

              Amongst rude burs and thistles.       --Milton. [1913 Webster]

              Bur and brake and brier.              --Tennyson. [1913 Webster]

     2. The thin ridge left by a tool in cutting or shaping metal. See {Burr}, n., 2. [1913 Webster]

     3. A ring of iron on a lance or spear. See {Burr}, n., 4. [1913 Webster]

     4. The lobe of the ear. See {Burr}, n., 5.
        [1913 Webster]

     5. The sweetbread.
        [1913 Webster]

     6. A clinker; a partially vitrified brick.
        [1913 Webster]

     7. (Mech.)
        (a) A small circular saw.
        (b) A triangular chisel.
        (c) A drill with a serrated head larger than the shank; -- especially a small drill bit used by dentists. [1913 Webster]

     8. [Cf. Gael. borr, borra, a knob, bunch.] (Zool.) The round knob of an antler next to a deer's head. [Commonly written {burr}.] [1913 Webster]

     {Bur oak} (Bot.), a useful and ornamental species of oak ({Quercus macrocarpa}) with ovoid acorns inclosed in deep cups imbricated with pointed scales. It grows in the Middle and Western United States, and its wood is tough, close-grained, and durable.

     {Bur reed} (Bot.), a plant of the genus {Sparganium}, having long ribbonlike leaves. [1913 Webster]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]


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