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Definition of PAIN

3 definitions found:



pain \pain\ (p[=a]n), n. [OE. peine, F. peine, fr. L. poena, penalty, punishment, torment, pain; akin to Gr. poinh` penalty. Cf. {Penal}, {Pine} to languish, {Punish}.]
     1. Punishment suffered or denounced; suffering or evil inflicted as a punishment for crime, or connected with the commission of a crime; penalty. --Chaucer. [1913 Webster]

              We will, by way of mulct or pain, lay it upon him.
                                                    --Bacon. [1913 Webster]

              Interpose, on pain of my displeasure. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

              None shall presume to fly, under pain of death.
                                                    --Addison. [1913 Webster]

     2. Any uneasy sensation in animal bodies, from slight uneasiness to extreme distress or torture, proceeding from a derangement of functions, disease, or injury by violence; bodily distress; bodily suffering; an ache; a smart. "The pain of Jesus Christ." --Chaucer. [1913 Webster]

     Note: Pain may occur in any part of the body where sensory nerves are distributed, and it is always due to some kind of stimulation of them. The sensation is generally interpreted as originating at the peripheral end of the nerve. [1913 Webster]

     3. pl. Specifically, the throes or travail of childbirth. [1913 Webster]

              She bowed herself and travailed, for her pains came upon her.                             --1 Sam. iv.
                                                    19. [1913 Webster]

     4. Uneasiness of mind; mental distress; disquietude; anxiety; grief; solicitude; anguish. Also called {mental pain}.
        --Chaucer.
        [1913 Webster +PJC]

              In rapture as in pain.                --Keble. [1913 Webster]

     5. See {Pains}, labor, effort.
        [1913 Webster]

     {Bill of pains and penalties}. See under {Bill}.

     {To die in the pain}, to be tortured to death. [Obs.]
        --Chaucer.
        [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

Pain \Pain\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Pained} (p[=a]nd); p. pr. & vb. n. {Paining}.] [OE. peinen, OF. pener, F. peiner to fatigue. See {Pain}, n.]
     1. To inflict suffering upon as a penalty; to punish. [Obs.]
        --Wyclif (Acts xxii. 5).
        [1913 Webster]

     2. To put to bodily uneasiness or anguish; to afflict with uneasy sensations of any degree of intensity; to torment; to torture; as, his dinner or his wound pained him; his stomach pained him. [1913 Webster]

              Excess of cold, as well as heat, pains us. --Locke
        .
        [1913 Webster]

     3. To render uneasy in mind; to disquiet; to distress; to grieve; as, a child's faults pain his parents. [1913 Webster]

              I am pained at my very heart.         --Jer. iv. 19. [1913 Webster]

     {To pain one's self}, to exert or trouble one's self; to take pains; to be solicitous. [Obs.] "She pained her to do all that she might." --Chaucer. [1913 Webster]

     Syn: To disquiet; trouble; afflict; grieve; aggrieve; distress; agonize; torment; torture. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

248 Moby Thesaurus words for "pain":
     abscess, ache, aching, afflict, affliction, aggrieve, agonize, agony, ague, ail, anemia, anguish, ankylosis, annoyance, anoxia, apnea, asphyxiation, assiduousness, asthma, ataxia, atrophy, backache, barb the dart, bite, bitterness, bleakness, bleeding, blennorhea, blow, bore, bother, bruise, burn, cachexia, cachexy, castigation, chafe, chastening, chastisement, cheerlessness, chill, chills, colic, comfortlessness, condign punishment, constipation, constrain, convulse, convulsion, correction, coughing, cramp, crucify, cut, cut up, cyanosis, depress, depression, deserts, despair, diarrhea, diligence, disciplinary measures, discipline, discomfort, discomposure, dismalness, dismay, disquiet, distress, distressfulness, dizziness, dolor, drag, dreariness, dropsy, dysentery, dyspepsia, dyspnea, edema, effort, elbow grease, emaciation, excruciate, exertion, fainting, fatigue, ferule, fester, fever, fibrillation, flux, fret, gall, give pain, gnaw, grate, grief, grieve, grievousness, grind, gripe, growth, harass, harrow, headache, hemorrhage, high blood pressure, hurt, hurt the feelings, hydrops, hypertension, hypotension, icterus, indigestion, industry, inflame, inflammation, inflict pain, infliction, injure, injury, insomnia, irk, irritate, irritation, itching, jaundice, joylessness, judgment, judicial punishment, kill by inches, labor, labored breathing, lacerate, lament, lamentability, lamentation, lesion, low blood pressure, lumbago, marasmus, martyr, martyrize, misery, mourn, mournfulness, nasal discharge, nasty blow, nausea, necrosis, nemesis, nip, nuisance, ordeal, painfulness, pains, pains and punishments, pang, paralysis, passion, pathos, pay, payment, penal retribution, penalty, penology, pest, pierce, pinch, pitiability, pitiableness, pitifulness, poignancy, prick, prolong the agony, pruritus, punishment, punition, put to torture, rack, rankle, rash, rasp, regrettableness, retribution, retributive justice, rheum, rub, sadden, sadness, sclerosis, scourge, sedulousness, seizure, sharpness, shock, skin eruption, smarting, sneezing, sore, sore spot, soreness, sorrow, sorrowfulness, spasm, stab, sting, stitch, strain, stress, stress of life, stroke, suffer, suffering, tabes, tachycardia, tender spot, throes, toil, torment, torture, travail, trial, tribulation, trouble, try, tumor, tweak, twinge, twist, twist the knife, upset, upset stomach, vertigo, vexation, vomiting, wasting, well-deserved punishment, what-for, while, woe, woebegoneness, woefulness, wound, wrench, wretchedness, wring


Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 [moby-thesaurus]


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