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Definition of OXIDIZE

2 definitions found:



Oxidize \Ox"i*dize\ ([o^]ks"[i^]*d[imac]z), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Oxidized} ([o^]ks"[i^]*d[imac]zd); p. pr. & vb. n. {Oxidizing}.] (Chem.) To combine with oxygen, or subject to the action of oxygen, or of an oxidizing agent. Specifically: (a) To combine with oxygen or with more oxygen; to add oxygen to; as, to oxidize nitrous acid so as to form nitric acid. (b) To remove hydrogen from (anything), as by the action of oxygen; as, to oxidize alcohol so as to form aldehyde. (c) To subject to the action of oxygen or of an oxidizing agent, so as to bring to a higher grade, as an -ous compound to an -ic compound; as, to oxidize mercurous chloride to mercuric chloride. [1913 Webster]

     Note: In certain cases to oxidize is identical with to acidify; for, in nearly all cases, the more oxygen a substance contains the more nearly does it approximate to acid qualities; thus, by oxidation many elements, as sulphur, nitrogen, carbon, chromium, manganese, etc., pass into compounds which are acid anhydrides, and thus practically in the acid state. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

62 Moby Thesaurus words for "oxidize":
     acetify, acidify, acidulate, alkalify, alkalize, blaze, blister, borate, brand, burn, burn in, burn off, canker, carbonate, cast, catalyze, cauterize, char, chemical, chlorinate, coal, corrode, crack, cupel, eat, eat away, eat into, electrolyze, erode, ferment, flame, found, gnaw, homopolymerize, hydrate, hydrogenate, hydroxylate, isomerize, nibble away, nitrate, oxidate, parch, pepsinate, peroxidize, phosphatize, polymerize, pyrolyze, reduce, rust, scorch, sear, singe, solder, sulfate, sulfatize, sulfonate, swinge, torrefy, vesicate, vulcanize, weld, work


Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 [moby-thesaurus]


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