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Definition of FERMENT

4 definitions found:



Ferment \Fer"ment\, n. [L. fermentum ferment (in senses 1 & 2), perh. for fervimentum, fr. fervere to be boiling hot, boil, ferment: cf. F. ferment. Cf. 1st {Barm}, {Fervent}.]
     1. That which causes fermentation, as yeast, barm, or fermenting beer. [1913 Webster]

     Note: Ferments are of two kinds: ({a}) Formed or organized ferments. ({b}) Unorganized or structureless ferments. The latter are now called {enzymes} and were formerly called {soluble ferments} or {chemical ferments}. Ferments of the first class are as a rule simple microscopic vegetable organisms, and the fermentations which they engender are due to their growth and development; as, the {acetic ferment}, the {butyric ferment}, etc. See {Fermentation}. Ferments of the second class, on the other hand, are chemical substances; as a rule they are proteins soluble in glycerin and precipitated by alcohol. In action they are catalytic and, mainly, hydrolytic. Good examples are pepsin of the dastric juice, ptyalin of the salvia, and disease of malt. Before 1960 the term "ferment" to mean "enzyme" fell out of use. Enzymes are now known to be {globular protein}s, capable of catalyzing a wide variety of chemical reactions, not merely hydrolytic. The full set of enzymes causing production of ethyl alcohol from sugar has been identified and individually purified and studied. See {enzyme}. [1913 Webster +PJC]

     2. Intestine motion; heat; tumult; agitation.
        [1913 Webster]

              Subdue and cool the ferment of desire. --Rogers. [1913 Webster]

              the nation is in a ferment.           --Walpole. [1913 Webster]

     3. A gentle internal motion of the constituent parts of a fluid; fermentation. [R.] [1913 Webster]

              Down to the lowest lees the ferment ran. --Thomson. [1913 Webster]

     {ferment oils}, volatile oils produced by the fermentation of plants, and not originally contained in them. These were the quintessences of the alchemists. --Ure. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

Ferment \Fer*ment"\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Fermented}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Fermenting}.] [L. fermentare, fermentatum: cf. F. fermenter. See {Ferment}, n.] To cause ferment or fermentation in; to set in motion; to excite internal emotion in; to heat. [1913 Webster]

           Ye vigorous swains! while youth ferments your blood.
                                                    --Pope. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

Ferment \Fer*ment"\, v. i.
     1. To undergo fermentation; to be in motion, or to be excited into sensible internal motion, as the constituent particles of an animal or vegetable fluid; to work; to effervesce. [1913 Webster]

     2. To be agitated or excited by violent emotions. [1913 Webster]

              But finding no redress, ferment and rage. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

              The intellect of the age was a fermenting intellect.
                                                    --De Quincey. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

281 Moby Thesaurus words for "ferment": acetification, acetify, acidification, acidify, acidulate, acidulation, ado, agent, agitate, agitation, ailment, alkalify, alkalization, alkalize, alterant, alterative, alterer, arouse, bacteria, beat, beat up, blow the coals, blubber, bluster, bobbery, boil, boil over, boiling, borate, bother, botheration, brawl, brew, broil, brouhaha, bubble, bubble over, bubble up, bubbliness, bubbling, burble, burst, bustle, buttermilk, cacophony, carbon dioxide, carbonate, carbonation, catalysis, catalyst, catalytic agent, catalyze, chaos, chemical, chemicalization, chlorinate, churn, churn up, clamor, commotion, conturbation, convulse, convulsion, disarrange, discompose, discomposure, disorder, disquiet, disquietude, disturb, disturbance, dudgeon, ebullience, ebulliency, ebullition, eddy, effervesce, effervescence, effervescency, electrolysis, electrolyze, embroilment, enzyme, excite, excitement, fan, fan the flame, fanaticism, feed the fire, feery-fary, fermentation, fever, feverishness, fidgetiness, fidgets, fire, fit, fizz, fizzle, flap, flurry, fluster, flutter, flutteration, flutteriness, foam, foaming, foment, fomentation, foofaraw, frenzy, fret, froth, frothiness, frothing, fume, furor, furore, fury, fuss, fussiness, guggle, gurgle, heat, heat up, high dudgeon, hiss, homopolymerize, hubbub, huff, hullabaloo, hurly-burly, hurry, hurry-scurry, hydrate, hydrogenate, hydrogenation, hydroxylate, impassion, incense, incite, inflame, innovationist, innovator, inquietude, instigate, introducer, isomerism, isomerize, jitters, jumpiness, leaven, leavening, maelstrom, malaise, metamerism, metamerization, miff, modificator, modifier, moil, mother, nerviness, nervosity, nervousness, nettle, nitrate, nitration, outcry, oxidation, oxidization, oxidize, paddle, pandemonium, passion, pell-mell, pepsin, pepsinate, peroxidize, perturb, perturbate, perturbation, pet, phosphatization, phosphatize, pique, plop, polymerism, polymerization, polymerize, position isomerism, pother, precursor, provoke, put up to, racket, rage, raise, rally, reduce, reduction, restiveness, restlessness, rile, ripple, rise, roil, roughen, rouse, rout, row, ruckus, ruffle, rumple, rumpus, saturization, scramble, seethe, seething, set on, shake, shake up, sic on, simmer, smolder, soda, sour, sparkle, spasm, spumescence, spurt, stew, stir, stir the embers, stir up, storminess, sulfate, sulfatize, sulfonate, sweat, swirl, swirling, tempestuousness, tickle, tiff, to-do, transformer, transmogrifier, trepidation, trepidity, trouble, tumult, tumultuation, tumultuousness, turbidity, turbulence, turmoil, turn sour, twitter, unease, unquiet, unrest, upheaval, uproar, upset, upturn, vinegar, vortex, whet, whip, whip up, whirl, whisk, wildness, work, work up, working, yeast, yeastiness, zeal, zealousness


Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 [moby-thesaurus]


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