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Definition of FALL

5 definitions found:



Autumn \Au"tumn\, n. [L. auctumnus, autumnus, perh. fr. a root av to satisfy one's self: cf. F. automne. See {Avarice}.]
     1. The third season of the year, or the season between summer and winter, often called "the {fall}." Astronomically, it begins in the northern temperate zone at the autumnal equinox, about September 23, and ends at the winter solstice, about December 23; but in popular language, autumn, in America, comprises September, October, and November. [1913 Webster]

     Note: In England, according to Johnson, autumn popularly comprises August, September, and October. In the southern hemisphere, the autumn corresponds to our spring. [1913 Webster]

     2. The harvest or fruits of autumn. --Milton.
        [1913 Webster]

     3. The time of maturity or decline; latter portion; third stage. [1913 Webster]

              Dr. Preston was now entering into the autumn of the duke's favor.                         --Fuller. [1913 Webster]

              Life's autumn past, I stand on winter's verge.
                                                    --Wordsworth. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

Fall \Fall\ (f[add]l), v. i. [imp. {Fell} (f[e^]l); p. p. {Fallen} (f[add]l"'n); p. pr. & vb. n. {Falling}.] [AS. feallan; akin to D. vallen, OS. & OHG. fallan, G. fallen, Icel. Falla, Sw. falla, Dan. falde, Lith. pulti, L. fallere to deceive, Gr. sfa`llein to cause to fall, Skr. sphal, sphul, to tremble. Cf. {Fail}, {Fell}, v. t., to cause to fall.]
     1. To Descend, either suddenly or gradually; particularly, to descend by the force of gravity; to drop; to sink; as, the apple falls; the tide falls; the mercury falls in the barometer. [1913 Webster]

              I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven. --Luke x. 18. [1913 Webster]

     2. To cease to be erect; to take suddenly a recumbent posture; to become prostrate; to drop; as, a child totters and falls; a tree falls; a worshiper falls on his knees. [1913 Webster]

              I fell at his feet to worship him.    --Rev. xix.
                                                    10. [1913 Webster]

     3. To find a final outlet; to discharge its waters; to empty;
        -- with into; as, the river Rhone falls into the Mediterranean. [1913 Webster]

     4. To become prostrate and dead; to die; especially, to die by violence, as in battle. [1913 Webster]

              A thousand shall fall at thy side.    --Ps. xci. 7. [1913 Webster]

              He rushed into the field, and, foremost fighting, fell.                                 --Byron. [1913 Webster]

     5. To cease to be active or strong; to die away; to lose strength; to subside; to become less intense; as, the wind falls. [1913 Webster]

     6. To issue forth into life; to be brought forth; -- said of the young of certain animals. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

     7. To decline in power, glory, wealth, or importance; to become insignificant; to lose rank or position; to decline in weight, value, price etc.; to become less; as, the price falls; stocks fell two points. [1913 Webster]

              I am a poor fallen man, unworthy now
              To be thy lord and master.            --Shak. [1913 Webster]

              The greatness of these Irish lords suddenly fell and vanished.                             --Sir J. Davies. [1913 Webster]

     8. To be overthrown or captured; to be destroyed. [1913 Webster]

              Heaven and earth will witness,
              If Rome must fall, that we are innocent. --Addison. [1913 Webster]

     9. To descend in character or reputation; to become degraded; to sink into vice, error, or sin; to depart from the faith; to apostatize; to sin. [1913 Webster]

              Let us labor therefore to enter into that rest, lest any man fall after the same example of unbelief.
                                                    --Heb. iv. 11. [1913 Webster]

     10. To become insnared or embarrassed; to be entrapped; to be worse off than before; as, to fall into error; to fall into difficulties. [1913 Webster]

     11. To assume a look of shame or disappointment; to become or appear dejected; -- said of the countenance. [1913 Webster]

               Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell.
                                                    --Gen. iv. 5. [1913 Webster]

               I have observed of late thy looks are fallen.
                                                    --Addison. [1913 Webster]

     12. To sink; to languish; to become feeble or faint; as, our spirits rise and fall with our fortunes. [1913 Webster]

     13. To pass somewhat suddenly, and passively, into a new state of body or mind; to become; as, to fall asleep; to fall into a passion; to fall in love; to fall into temptation. [1913 Webster]

     14. To happen; to to come to pass; to light; to befall; to issue; to terminate. [1913 Webster]

               The Romans fell on this model by chance. --Swift. [1913 Webster]

               Sit still, my daughter, until thou know how the matter will fall.                    --Ruth. iii.
                                                    18. [1913 Webster]

               They do not make laws, they fall into customs. --H. Spencer. [1913 Webster]

     15. To come; to occur; to arrive.
         [1913 Webster]

               The vernal equinox, which at the Nicene Council fell on the 21st of March, falls now [1694] about ten days sooner.                     --Holder. [1913 Webster]

     16. To begin with haste, ardor, or vehemence; to rush or hurry; as, they fell to blows. [1913 Webster]

               They now no longer doubted, but fell to work heart and soul.                            --Jowett (Thucyd. ). [1913 Webster]

     17. To pass or be transferred by chance, lot, distribution, inheritance, or otherwise; as, the estate fell to his brother; the kingdom fell into the hands of his rivals. [1913 Webster]

     18. To belong or appertain.
         [1913 Webster]

               If to her share some female errors fall, Look on her face, and you'll forget them all.
                                                    --Pope. [1913 Webster]

     19. To be dropped or uttered carelessly; as, an unguarded expression fell from his lips; not a murmur fell from him. [1913 Webster]

     {To fall abroad of} (Naut.), to strike against; -- applied to one vessel coming into collision with another.

     {To fall among}, to come among accidentally or unexpectedly.


     {To fall astern} (Naut.), to move or be driven backward; to be left behind; as, a ship falls astern by the force of a current, or when outsailed by another.

     {To fall away}.
         (a) To lose flesh; to become lean or emaciated; to pine. (b) To renounce or desert allegiance; to revolt or rebel. (c) To renounce or desert the faith; to apostatize.
             "These . . . for a while believe, and in time of temptation fall away." --Luke viii. 13. (d) To perish; to vanish; to be lost. "How . . . can the soul . . . fall away into nothing?" --Addison. (e) To decline gradually; to fade; to languish, or become faint. "One color falls away by just degrees, and another rises insensibly." --Addison.

     {To fall back}.
         (a) To recede or retreat; to give way.
         (b) To fail of performing a promise or purpose; not to fulfill.

     {To fall back upon} or {To fall back on}.
         (a) (Mil.) To retreat for safety to (a stronger position in the rear, as to a fort or a supporting body of troops). (b) To have recourse to (a reserved fund, a more reliable alternative, or some other available expedient or support).

     {To fall calm}, to cease to blow; to become calm.

     {To fall down}.
         (a) To prostrate one's self in worship. "All kings shall fall down before him." --Ps. lxxii. 11. (b) To sink; to come to the ground. "Down fell the beauteous youth." --Dryden. (c) To bend or bow, as a suppliant. (d) (Naut.) To sail or drift toward the mouth of a river or other outlet.

     {To fall flat}, to produce no response or result; to fail of the intended effect; as, his speech fell flat.

     {To fall foul of}.
         (a) (Naut.) To have a collision with; to become entangled with (b) To attack; to make an assault upon.

     {To fall from}, to recede or depart from; not to adhere to; as, to fall from an agreement or engagement; to fall from allegiance or duty.

     {To fall from grace} (M. E. Ch.), to sin; to withdraw from the faith.

     {To fall home} (Ship Carp.), to curve inward; -- said of the timbers or upper parts of a ship's side which are much within a perpendicular.

     {To fall in}.
         (a) To sink inwards; as, the roof fell in. (b) (Mil.) To take one's proper or assigned place in line; as, to fall in on the right. (c) To come to an end; to terminate; to lapse; as, on the death of Mr. B., the annuuity, which he had so long received, fell in. (d) To become operative. "The reversion, to which he had been nominated twenty years before, fell in."
             --Macaulay.

     {To fall into one's hands}, to pass, often suddenly or unexpectedly, into one's ownership or control; as, to spike cannon when they are likely to fall into the hands of the enemy.

     {To fall in with}.
         (a) To meet with accidentally; as, to fall in with a friend. (b) (Naut.) To meet, as a ship; also, to discover or come near, as land. (c) To concur with; to agree with; as, the measure falls in with popular opinion. (d) To comply; to yield to. "You will find it difficult to persuade learned men to fall in with your projects." --Addison.

     {To fall off}.
         (a) To drop; as, fruits fall off when ripe. (b) To withdraw; to separate; to become detached; as, friends fall off in adversity. "Love cools, friendship falls off, brothers divide." --Shak. (c) To perish; to die away; as, words fall off by disuse. (d) To apostatize; to forsake; to withdraw from the faith, or from allegiance or duty. [1913 Webster]

                   Those captive tribes . . . fell off From God to worship calves.      --Milton. (e) To forsake; to abandon; as, his customers fell off. (f) To depreciate; to change for the worse; to deteriorate; to become less valuable, abundant, or interesting; as, a falling off in the wheat crop; the magazine or the review falls off. "O Hamlet, what a falling off was there!" --Shak. (g) (Naut.) To deviate or trend to the leeward of the point to which the head of the ship was before directed; to fall to leeward.

     {To fall on}.
         (a) To meet with; to light upon; as, we have fallen on evil days. (b) To begin suddenly and eagerly. "Fall on, and try the appetite to eat." --Dryden. (c) To begin an attack; to assault; to assail. "Fall on, fall on, and hear him not." --Dryden. (d) To drop on; to descend on.

     {To fall out}.
         (a) To quarrel; to begin to contend.
             [1913 Webster]

                   A soul exasperated in ills falls out With everything, its friend, itself. --Addison. (b) To happen; to befall; to chance. "There fell out a bloody quarrel betwixt the frogs and the mice."
             --L'Estrange.
         (c) (Mil.) To leave the ranks, as a soldier.

     {To fall over}.
         (a) To revolt; to desert from one side to another. (b) To fall beyond. --Shak.

     {To fall short}, to be deficient; as, the corn falls short; they all fall short in duty.

     {To fall through}, to come to nothing; to fail; as, the engageent has fallen through.

     {To fall to}, to begin. "Fall to, with eager joy, on homely food." --Dryden.

     {To fall under}.
         (a) To come under, or within the limits of; to be subjected to; as, they fell under the jurisdiction of the emperor. (b) To come under; to become the subject of; as, this point did not fall under the cognizance or deliberations of the court; these things do not fall under human sight or observation. (c) To come within; to be ranged or reckoned with; to be subordinate to in the way of classification; as, these substances fall under a different class or order.

     {To fall upon}.
         (a) To attack. [See {To fall on}.]
         (b) To attempt; to have recourse to. "I do not intend to fall upon nice disquisitions." --Holder. (c) To rush against. [1913 Webster]

     Note: Fall primarily denotes descending motion, either in a perpendicular or inclined direction, and, in most of its applications, implies, literally or figuratively, velocity, haste, suddenness, or violence. Its use is so various, and so mush diversified by modifying words, that it is not easy to enumerate its senses in all its applications. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

Fall \Fall\, v. t.
     1. To let fall; to drop. [Obs.]
        [1913 Webster]

              For every tear he falls, a Trojan bleeds. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

     2. To sink; to depress; as, to fall the voice. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

     3. To diminish; to lessen or lower. [Obs.]
        [1913 Webster]

              Upon lessening interest to four per cent, you fall the price of your native commodities. --Locke. [1913 Webster]

     4. To bring forth; as, to fall lambs. [R.] --Shak. [1913 Webster]

     5. To fell; to cut down; as, to fall a tree. [Prov. Eng. & Local, U.S.] [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

Fall \Fall\, n.
     1. The act of falling; a dropping or descending be the force of gravity; descent; as, a fall from a horse, or from the yard of ship. [1913 Webster]

     2. The act of dropping or tumbling from an erect posture; as, he was walking on ice, and had a fall. [1913 Webster]

     3. Death; destruction; overthrow; ruin.
        [1913 Webster]

              They thy fall conspire.               --Denham. [1913 Webster]

              Pride goeth before destruction, and a haughty spirit before a fall.                        --Prov. xvi.
                                                    18. [1913 Webster]

     4. Downfall; degradation; loss of greatness or office; termination of greatness, power, or dominion; ruin; overthrow; as, the fall of the Roman empire. [1913 Webster]

              Beholds thee glorious only in thy fall. --Pope. [1913 Webster]

     5. The surrender of a besieged fortress or town; as, the fall of Sebastopol. [1913 Webster]

     6. Diminution or decrease in price or value; depreciation; as, the fall of prices; the fall of rents. [1913 Webster]

     7. A sinking of tone; cadence; as, the fall of the voice at the close of a sentence. [1913 Webster]

     8. Declivity; the descent of land or a hill; a slope. [1913 Webster]

     9. Descent of water; a cascade; a cataract; a rush of water down a precipice or steep; -- usually in the plural, sometimes in the singular; as, the falls of Niagara. [1913 Webster]

     10. The discharge of a river or current of water into the ocean, or into a lake or pond; as, the fall of the Po into the Gulf of Venice. --Addison. [1913 Webster]

     11. Extent of descent; the distance which anything falls; as, the water of a stream has a fall of five feet. [1913 Webster]

     12. The season when leaves fall from trees; autumn. [1913 Webster]

               What crowds of patients the town doctor kills, Or how, last fall, he raised the weekly bills.
                                                    --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

     13. That which falls; a falling; as, a fall of rain; a heavy fall of snow. [1913 Webster]

     14. The act of felling or cutting down. "The fall of timber."
         --Johnson.
         [1913 Webster]

     15. Lapse or declension from innocence or goodness. Specifically: The first apostasy; the act of our first parents in eating the forbidden fruit; also, the apostasy of the rebellious angels. [1913 Webster]

     16. Formerly, a kind of ruff or band for the neck; a falling band; a faule. --B. Jonson. [1913 Webster]

     17. That part (as one of the ropes) of a tackle to which the power is applied in hoisting. [1913 Webster]

     {Fall herring} (Zool.), a herring of the Atlantic ({Clupea mediocris}); -- also called {tailor herring}, and {hickory shad}.

     {To try a fall}, to try a bout at wrestling. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

532 Moby Thesaurus words for "fall":
     Niagara, Scotch mist, Waterloo, abate, abatement, ablate, accept, apostasy, ascend, assail, assault, associate with, attack, autumn, backslide, backsliding, bag, bank, bate, be destroyed, be eaten away, be found, be found wanting, be killed, be lost, be met with, be realized, be unsuccessful, beat down, beating, befall, befriend, begin, belly buster, belly flop, belly whopper, beset, betide, bite the dust, blood rain, bouleversement, bow, break, break up, breakdown, call on, call upon, cannonball, cant, capitulate, capitulation, capsize, capture, careen, cascade, catabasis, cataract, cave in, cease to be, cease to live, cheapen, chignon, chute, clash, climb, collapse, come, come a cropper, come about, come down, come off, come to naught, come to nothing, come to pass, come true, comedown, commence, conquering, conquest, consume, consume away, convulsion, corrode, count on, crash, crash dive, cropper, crumble, crumble to dust, crumple, culbute, cut, cut prices, daggle, dangle, deathblow, debacle, debasement, decadence, decadency, decay, decease, deceleration, declension, declination, decline, decline and fall, declivity, decrease, decrescendo, defeat, deflate, deflation, defluxion, deformation, degeneracy, degenerate, degenerateness, degeneration, degradation, deliquesce, demotion, depart, depart this life, depend, depravation, depravedness, depreciate, depreciation, derogation, descend, descending, descension, descent, destruction, deteriorate, deterioration, devaluate, devolution, die, die away, die down, differ, diminish, diminuendo, diminution, dip, dip down, disagree, disappoint, disintegrate, dispute, dive, down, downbend, downcome, downcurve, downfall, downflow, downgate, downgrade, downhill, downpour, downrush, downtrend, downturn, downward mobility, downward trend, drabble, drag, draggle, drape, draw back, drizzle, droop, drop, drop dead, drop down, drop off, dropping, drubbing, drum, dwindle, dwindling, dying, ebb, eclipse, effeteness, employ, erode, err, evening mist, eventuate, expire, fade, fading, fail, failing, failure, failure of nerve, fall again into, fall asleep, fall away, fall back, fall behind, fall dead, fall down, fall flat, fall for, fall from grace, fall headlong, fall in, fall in price, fall in with, fall of Adam, fall of man, fall off, fall out, fall over, fall prostrate, fall short, fall stillborn, fall through, fall to, fall to pieces, falling, falling-off, falls, false hair, fight, fizzle out, flap, flop, flounder, flow, flurry, force, forced landing, fragment, gainer, get a cropper, get cracking, get moving, get under way, give in, give up, give way, go, go about, go along with, go astray, go down, go downhill, go off, go out, go to pieces, go to ruin, go to smash, go under, go uphill, go wrong, gout of rain, grade, gravitate, gravitation, hang, hang down, hanging, hap, happen, harvest, harvest home, harvest time, have a relapse, have enough, have recourse to, header, hiding, hit a slump, hit rock bottom, hit the skids, inclination, incline, involution, jackknife, jew down, join, keel, keel over, lag, lambasting, languish, lapse, lapse back, lathering, lay an egg, lean, lessen, let up, lick the dust, licking, linn, list, lop, lose, lose altitude, lose out, lose the day, loss of tone, lower, lowering, lurch, make use of, mark down, mastery, melt away, miscarry, miss, mist, misty rain, mizzle, moderate, moisture, nappe, nod, nose dive, nose-dive, nosedive, occur, overcoming, overthrow, overturn, parachute, parachute jump, pare, part, pass, pass away, pass off, pass on, pass over, patter, pelt, pend, perish, pitch, pitter-patter, plop, plummet, plummeting, plump, plunge, plunk, pounce, pounce on, pounce upon, pour, pour down, pour with rain, power dive, pratfall, precipitate, precipitation, prostration, put off mortality, quarrel, quietus, quit this world, rain, rain tadpoles, raindrop, rainfall, rainwater, rake, rapids, rat, reach the depths, recede, recidivate, recidivation, recidivism, recur to, reduce, regress, regression, relapse, relent, remission, resort to, retire, retreat, retrocession, retrogradation, retrogression, return to, return to dust, revert, revert to, rise, ruin, run down, run low, running dive, sabotage, sag, sault, say uncle, seizure, set about, set upon, settle, shatter, shave, sheet of rain, shelve, shower, shower down, shrink, sidle, sin of Adam, sink, sink back, sinking, skid, skin-dive, sky dive, sky-dive, slacken, slant, slash, slide, slide back, slip, slip back, slippage, slope, slowdown, slump, smash, sound, spatter, spill, spit, splatter, spout, sprawl, spread-eagle, sprinkle, squabble, stagger, start, stationary dive, stoop, stop breathing, storm, stream, strike, stumble, subdual, subduing, subjugation, submission, submit, subside, subsidence, subversion, succumb, succumb to, support, surrender, swag, swallow, swan dive, sway, swing, switch, swoop, swoop down, tackle, tail off, tailspin, take a fall, take a flop, take a header, take a pratfall, take a spill, take on, take place, take the count, taking, tattoo, thrashing, tilt, tip, topple, topple down, topple over, totter, touch bottom, trail, transpire, trend downward, trim, trimming, trip, trouncing, tumble, turn turtle, undertake, undoing, unfrozen hydrometeor, up and die, upheaval, uprise, upset, use, vanquishment, wane, waste, waste away, waterfall, watershoot, wear, wear away, weep, wet, whipping, withdraw, wrangle, yield, yield again to, yield the ghost


Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 [moby-thesaurus]


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