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Definition of ELDER

4 definitions found:



Elder \Eld"er\, a. [AS. yldra, compar. of eald old. See {Old}.]
     1. Older; more aged, or existing longer.
        [1913 Webster]

              Let the elder men among us emulate their own earlier deeds.                                --Jowett (Thucyd. ) [1913 Webster]

     2. Born before another; prior in years; senior; earlier; older; as, his elder brother died in infancy; -- opposed to {younger}, and now commonly applied to a son, daughter, child, brother, etc. [1913 Webster]

              The elder shall serve the younger.    --Gen. xxv.
                                                    23. [1913 Webster]

              But ask of elder days, earth's vernal hour. --Keble. [1913 Webster]

     {Elder hand} (Card Playing), the hand playing, or having the right to play, first. --Hoyle. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

Elder \El"der\, n. [OE. ellern, eller, AS. ellen, cf. LG. elloorn; perh. akin to OHG. holantar, holuntar, G. holunder; or perh. to E. alder, n.] (Bot.) A genus of shrubs ({Sambucus}) having broad umbels of white flowers, and small black or red berries. [1913 Webster]

     Note: The common North American species is {Sambucus Canadensis}; the common European species ({S. nigra}) forms a small tree. The red-berried elder is {S. pubens}. The berries are diaphoretic and aperient. The European elder ({Sambucus nigra}) is also called the {elderberry}, {bourtree}, {Old World elder}, {black elder}, and {common elder}. [1913 Webster + WordNet 1.5]

     {Box elder}. See under 1st {Box}.

     {Dwarf elder}. See {Danewort}.

     {Elder tree}. (Bot.) Same as {Elder}. --Shak.

     {Marsh elder}, the cranberry tree {Viburnum Opulus}). [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

Elder \Eld"er\, n. [AS. ealdor an elder, prince, fr. eald old. See {Old}, and cf. {Elder}, a., {Alderman}.]
     1. One who is older; a superior in age; a senior. --1 Tim. v.
        1.
        [1913 Webster]

     2. An aged person; one who lived at an earlier period; a predecessor. [1913 Webster]

              Carry your head as your elders have done.
                                                    --L'Estrange. [1913 Webster]

     3. A person who, on account of his age, occupies the office of ruler or judge; hence, a person occupying any office appropriate to such as have the experience and dignity which age confers; as, the elders of Israel; the elders of the synagogue; the elders in the apostolic church. [1913 Webster]

     Note: In the modern Presbyterian churches, elders are lay officers who, with the minister, compose the church session, with authority to inspect and regulate matters of religion and discipline. In some churches, pastors or clergymen are called elders, or presbyters. [1913 Webster]

     4. (M. E. Ch.) A clergyman authorized to administer all the sacraments; as, a traveling elder. [1913 Webster]

     {Presiding elder} (Meth. Ch.), an elder commissioned by a bishop to have the oversight of the churches and preachers in a certain district.

     {Ruling elder}, a lay presbyter or member of a Presbyterian church session. --Schaff. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

288 Moby Thesaurus words for "elder":
     Aaronic priesthood, Bible clerk, Bible reader, Establishment, Father Time, Melchizedek priesthood, Methuselah, Nestor, Old Paar, Seventy, VIP, acolyte, age, alderman, almoner, anagnost, ancestors, antecedent, antecedents, antediluvian, anterior, anticipatory, antique, apostle, archon, ascendants, authority, back number, bailie, baron, beadle, bedral, big gun, big man, big name, bigwig, bishop, boss, brass, brass hat, burghermaster, burgomaster, bwana, cabinet member, cabinet minister, caducity, capitular, capitulary, celebrity, centenarian, chancellor, chef, chief, choir chaplain, church dignitary, churchwarden, ci-devant, city councilman, city father, city manager, clerk, commissar, commissioner, conservative, councillor, councilman, councilwoman, county commissioner, county supervisor, dad, deacon, deaconess, dean, dignitary, dignity, doctor, dodo, dotard, doyen, doyenne, earlier, early, ecclesiarch, elder statesman, elderliness, elderman, elders, eldest, employer, experienced, father, fathers, figure, first, first-born, firstling, fogy, fore, forebears, forefathers, foregoing, former, fossil, fud, fuddy-duddy, gaffer, geezer, golden-ager, goodman, gramps, grandfather, grandfathers, grandparents, grandsire, granny, graybeard, great man, great soul, guru, has-been, headman, high priest, husband, illuminate, important person, induna, intellect, intellectual, interests, lay elder, lay reader, lector, lecturer, legislator, liege, liege lord, lion, longhair, lord, lord mayor, lord paramount, lords of creation, lover of wisdom, magistrate, magnate, mahatma, maire, major, man of intellect, man of mark, man of wisdom, mandarin, master, mastermind, matriarch, mayor, mentor, mid-Victorian, minister, minister of state, mogul, mossback, nabob, name, nonagenarian, notability, notable, octogenarian, old age, old believer, old chap, old codger, old crock, old dodo, old dog, old duffer, old fogy, old geezer, old gent, old gentleman, old liner, old man, old party, old poop, old woman, old-timer, older, oldest, oldster, oracle, overlord, padrone, panjandrum, pantaloon, paramount, parish clerk, paterfamilias, patriarch, patriarchs, patron, person of renown, personage, personality, philosopher, pillar of society, pop, pops, portreeve, power, power elite, preceding, precentor, precurrent, predecessors, preexistent, presbyter, previous, priest, prime, primogenitary, prior, progenitors, rabbi, reactionary, reader, reeve, regular old fogy, relic, respected, rishi, ruling circle, ruling elder, sachem, sacrist, sacristan, sage, sahib, sapient, savant, scholar, secretary, secretary of state, seer, seigneur, seignior, selectman, senectitude, senescence, senior, senior citizen, septuagenarian, sexagenarian, sexton, shames, sidesman, sire, somebody, something, square, starets, succentor, suisse, superior, supervisor, syndic, teacher, teaching elder, the great, the quiet-voiced elders, the top, thinker, thurifer, top brass, top people, traditionalist, tycoon, undersecretary, venerable, venerable sir, verger, vergeress, very important person, veteran, warden, wise man, wise old man, worthy, years


Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 [moby-thesaurus]


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