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Definition of DOWN

10 definitions found:

Down \Down\, n. [Akin to LG. dune, dun, Icel. d?nn, Sw. dun, Dan. duun, G. daune, cf. D. dons; perh. akin to E. dust.]
     1. Fine, soft, hairy outgrowth from the skin or surface of animals or plants, not matted and fleecy like wool; esp.: (a) (Zool.) The soft under feathers of birds. They have short stems with soft rachis and bards and long threadlike barbules, without hooklets. (b) (Bot.) The pubescence of plants; the hairy crown or envelope of the seeds of certain plants, as of the thistle. (c) The soft hair of the face when beginning to appear. [1913 Webster]

                  And the first down begins to shade his face.
                                                    --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

     2. That which is made of down, as a bed or pillow; that which affords ease and repose, like a bed of down [1913 Webster]

              When in the down I sink my head,
              Sleep, Death's twin brother, times my breath.
                                                    --Tennyson. [1913 Webster]

              Thou bosom softness, down of all my cares!
                                                    --Southern. [1913 Webster]

     {Down tree} (Bot.), a tree of Central America ({Ochroma Lagopus}), the seeds of which are enveloped in vegetable wool. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

Down \Down\ (doun), v. t.
     To cover, ornament, line, or stuff with down. [R.] --Young. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

Down \Down\, n. [OE. dun, doun, AS. d[=u]n; of Celtic origin; cf. Ir. d[=u]n hill, fortified hill, Gael. dun heap, hillock, hill, W. din a fortified hill or mount; akin to E. town. See {Town}, and cf. {Down}, adv. & prep., {Dune}.]
     1. A bank or rounded hillock of sand thrown up by the wind along or near the shore; a flattish-topped hill; -- usually in the plural. [1913 Webster]

              Hills afford prospects, as they must needs acknowledge who have been on the downs of Sussex.
                                                    --Ray. [1913 Webster]

              She went by dale, and she went by down. --Tennyson. [1913 Webster]

     2. A tract of poor, sandy, undulating or hilly land near the sea, covered with fine turf which serves chiefly for the grazing of sheep; -- usually in the plural. [Eng.] [1913 Webster]

              Seven thousand broad-tailed sheep grazed on his downs.                                --Sandys. [1913 Webster]

     3. pl. A road for shipping in the English Channel or Straits of Dover, near Deal, employed as a naval rendezvous in time of war. [1913 Webster]

              On the 11th [June, 1771] we run up the channel . . . at noon we were abreast of Dover, and about three came to an anchor in the Downs, and went ashore at Deal.                                 --Cook (First Voyage). [1913 Webster]

     4. pl. [From the adverb.] A state of depression; low state; abasement. [Colloq.] [1913 Webster]

              It the downs of life too much outnumber the ups.
                                                    --M. Arnold. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

Down \Down\, adv. [For older adown, AS. ad[=u]n, ad[=u]ne, prop., from or off the hill. See 3d {Down}, and cf. {Adown}, and cf. {Adown}.]
     1. In the direction of gravity or toward the center of the earth; toward or in a lower place or position; below; -- the opposite of {up}. [1913 Webster]

     2. Hence, in many derived uses, as:
        (a) From a higher to a lower position, literally or figuratively; in a descending direction; from the top of an ascent; from an upright position; to the ground or floor; to or into a lower or an inferior condition; as, into a state of humility, disgrace, misery, and the like; into a state of rest; -- used with verbs indicating motion. [1913 Webster]

                  It will be rain to-night. Let it come down.
                                                    --Shak. [1913 Webster]

                  I sit me down beside the hazel grove.
                                                    --Tennyson. [1913 Webster]

                  And that drags down his life.     --Tennyson. [1913 Webster]

                  There is not a more melancholy object in the learned world than a man who has written himself down.                             --Addison. [1913 Webster]

                  The French . . . shone down [i. e., outshone] the English.                      --Shak. (b) In a low or the lowest position, literally or figuratively; at the bottom of a descent; below the horizon; on the ground; in a condition of humility, dejection, misery, and the like; in a state of quiet. [1913 Webster]

                  I was down and out of breath.     --Shak. [1913 Webster]

                  The moon is down; I have not heard the clock.
                                                    --Shak. [1913 Webster]

                  He that is down needs fear no fall. --Bunyan. [1913 Webster]

     3. From a remoter or higher antiquity.
        [1913 Webster]

              Venerable men! you have come down to us from a former generation.                    --D. Webster. [1913 Webster]

     4. From a greater to a less bulk, or from a thinner to a thicker consistence; as, to boil down in cookery, or in making decoctions. --Arbuthnot. [1913 Webster]

     Note: Down is sometimes used elliptically, standing for go down, come down, tear down, take down, put down, haul down, pay down, and the like, especially in command or exclamation.

                 Down, therefore, and beg mercy of the duke.
                                                    --Shak. [1913 Webster]

                 If he be hungry more than wanton, bread alone will down.                         --Locke. Down is also used intensively; as, to be loaded down; to fall down; to hang down; to drop down; to pay down.

                 The temple of Her[`e] at Argos was burnt down.
                                                    --Jowett (Thucyd.). Down, as well as up, is sometimes used in a conventional sense; as, down East.

                 Persons in London say down to Scotland, etc., and those in the provinces, up to London.
                                                    --Stormonth. [1913 Webster]

     {Down helm} (Naut.), an order to the helmsman to put the helm to leeward.

     {Down on} or {Down upon} (joined with a verb indicating motion, as go, come, pounce), to attack, implying the idea of threatening power. [1913 Webster]

              Come down upon us with a mighty power. --Shak.

     {Down with}, take down, throw down, put down; -- used in energetic command, often by people aroused in crowds, referring to people, laws, buildings, etc.; as, down with the king! "Down with the palace; fire it." --Dryden.

     {To be down on}, to dislike and treat harshly. [Slang, U.S.]

     {To cry down}. See under {Cry}, v. t.

     {To cut down}. See under {Cut}, v. t.

     {Up and down}, with rising and falling motion; to and fro; hither and thither; everywhere. "Let them wander up and down." --Ps. lix. 15. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

Down \Down\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Downed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Downing}.] To cause to go down; to make descend; to put down; to overthrow, as in wrestling; hence, to subdue; to bring down. [Archaic or Colloq.] "To down proud hearts." --Sir P. Sidney. [1913 Webster]

           I remember how you downed Beauclerk and Hamilton, the wits, once at our house.                 --Madame D'Arblay. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

Down \Down\, v. i.
     To go down; to descend. --Locke.
     [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

Down \Down\, a.
     1. Downcast; as, a down look. [R.]
        [1913 Webster]

     2. Downright; absolute; positive; as, a down denial. [Obs.]
        --Beau. & Fl.
        [1913 Webster]

     3. Downward; going down; sloping; as, a down stroke; a down grade; a down train on a railway. [1913 Webster]

     {Down draught}, a downward draft, as in a flue, chimney, shaft of a mine, etc.

     {Down in the mouth}, {Down at the mouth} chopfallen; dejected. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

Down \Down\, prep. [From {Down}, adv.]
     1. In a descending direction along; from a higher to a lower place upon or within; at a lower place in or on; as, down a hill; down a well. [1913 Webster]

     2. Hence: Towards the mouth of a river; towards the sea; as, to sail or swim down a stream; to sail down the sound. [1913 Webster]

     {Down the country}, toward the sea, or toward the part where rivers discharge their waters into the ocean.

     {Down the sound}, in the direction of the ebbing tide; toward the sea. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]


      1. adj. Not operating. ?The up escalator is down? is considered a humorous thing to say (unless of course you were expecting to use it), and ?The elevator is down? always means ?The elevator isn't working? and never refers to what floor the elevator is on. With respect to computers, this term has passed into the mainstream; the extension to other kinds of machine is still confined to techies (e.g. boiler mechanics may speak of a boiler being down).

      2. go down vi. To stop functioning; usually said of the {system}. The message from the {console} that every hacker hates to hear from the operator is ?System going down in 5 minutes?.

      3. take down, bring down vt. To deactivate purposely, usually for repair work or {PM}. ?I'm taking the system down to work on that bug in the tape drive.? Occasionally one hears the word down by itself used as a verb in this vt. sense.

      See {crash}; oppose {up}.

The Jargon File (version 4.4.7, 29 Dec 2003) [jargon]

493 Moby Thesaurus words for "down":
     COD, Vandyke, actively, adown, ailing, air, alkali flat, all up with, alluvial plain, anthill, backset, bad, barrow, basin, beard, beat, beaten, beaver, bedfast, bedridden, below, below par, best, bested, blow down, blow over, blubber, blue, booked, bottomland, bowed-down, bowl down, bowl over, brae, breeze, bring down, bristles, bubble, bulldog, bushveld, butte, butter, campo, carry off, cascade, cash, cash down, cash on delivery, cast down, cataract, chaff, champaign, champaign country, check, chip, chop down, chute, clay, coastal plain, cobweb, collapse, collapsing, come down, comedown, completed, completely, concluded, confined, confounded, conquer, consume, cork, crash, critically ill, cushion, cut down, cut off, daintiness, dash down, dashed, debacle, deciduous, deck, declension, declination, declining, declivitous, decurrent, defeated, defluxion, dejected, delicacy, delta, depressant, depressed, depressing, depressive, descend, descendant, descending, descension, descent, desert, despairing, despondent, desponding, destroy, devour, digest, dip down, discomfited, discomfiture, discouraged, discouraging, disheartened, disheartening, dispatch, dispirited, dispiriting, dispose of, disregard, documented, done, done for, done in, dough, down, down south, downbend, downcast, downcome, downcurve, downfall, downfalling, downflow, downgoing, downgrade, downhearted, downhill, downiness, downline, downpour, downright, downrush, downs, downsinking, downstairs, downstream, downstreet, downtown, downtrend, downturn, downward, downward trend, downwards, downwith, drooping, droopy, drop, drop down, drop off, dropping, drumlin, dune, dust, earlier, earnestly, earthward, eat, eat up, eiderdown, ended, enrolled, entered, ether, faint, faintish, fairy, fall, fall down, fall off, fallen, falling, feather, feather bed, feathers, feeling awful, feeling faint, feeling low, feeling something terrible, fell, fetch down, filed, filminess, fine-grainedness, fineness, finish, finished, fixed, flat, flat country, flatland, flats, flatten, fleece, floor, floored, floss, flue, fluff, fluffiness, foam, foothills, for real, froth, fully, fur, fuzz, fuzziness, get away with, get down, go down, go downhill, goatee, gossamer, gossameriness, grass veld, grassland, gravitate, gravitation, ground, heartless, heath, hew down, hill, hillock, hipped, hors de combat, hospitalized, hummock, hurdle, hypochondriac, hypochondriacal, ignore, ill, imperial, in childbed, in danger, in hospital, in low spirits, in the depths, in the doldrums, in the dumps, inclination, indexed, indisposed, inferior, ingest, inscribed, invalided, kapok, knob, knock down, knoll, laid low, laid up, lambasted, lande, languishing, lathered, lay level, lay low, lay out, legal, level, lick, licked, lint, liquidate, llano, logged, lose altitude, low, low-spirited, lower, lowest, lowland, lowlands, lunar mare, mare, master, mesa, mesilla, minuted, molehill, money down, monticle, monticule, moor, moorland, mortally ill, mote, mound, mow down, nether, not quite right, of record, off, off-color, official, on call, on demand, on file, on record, on the books, on the descendant, on the downgrade, on the skids, open country, oppressive, out of sorts, outdo, outdone, overborne, overcome, overmastered, overmatched, overpowered, overridden, overthrown, overturned, overwhelmed, pampa, pampas, panicked, parachute, pay-as-you-go, peach fuzz, peneplain, pessimistic, pile, pillow, pining, pipe, pitch, plain, plains, plateau, playa, plummet, plummeting, plunge, plunging, plush, pocket, pocket the affront, posted, pounce, pour down, prairie, precipitate, prostrate, pubescence, pudding, puff, pull down, put away, put to rout, putty, rain, rapids, rase, raze, recorded, refinement, registered, reversal, reverse, reverse of fortune, rocky, routed, rubber, ruined, sagging, salt flat, salt marsh, salt pan, sand dune, satin, satininess, savanna, scattered, scrag, sebkha, seedy, send headlong, setback, setting, settled, severe check, sick, sick abed, sick unto death, sickish, side whiskers, silenced, silk, silkiness, sinking, skinned, skinned alive, slack, sluggish, smoothness, softness, spiritless, sponge, spread-eagle, spume, stampeded, steppe, stomach, stoop, straw, strictly cash, stubble, subdued, subjacent, submerging, subsiding, suicidal, supinate, surmount, surround, swallow, swallow an insult, swansdown, swell, swoop, table, tableland, take, take down, take in, take off, taken ill, terminated, thistledown, through, through-and-through, throw, throw down, throwback, topple, tottering, tree veld, trend downward, trimmed, trip, trounced, tuck in, tuft, tumble, tumbledown, tundra, turn aside provocation, under, under the weather, undone, unwell, upland, upset, vega, veld, velvet, velvetiness, waterfall, wax, weald, weary of life, whack down, whelmed, whipped, whiskers, wide-open spaces, woebegone, wold, wool, world-weary, worst, worsted, written down, zephyr

Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 [moby-thesaurus]

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