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Definition of CROSS

7 definitions found:



Ordinary \Or"di*na*ry\, n.; pl. {Ordinaries} (-r[i^]z).
     1. (Law)
        (a) (Roman Law) An officer who has original jurisdiction in his own right, and not by deputation. (b) (Eng. Law) One who has immediate jurisdiction in matters ecclesiastical; an ecclesiastical judge; also, a deputy of the bishop, or a clergyman appointed to perform divine service for condemned criminals and assist in preparing them for death. (c) (Am. Law) A judicial officer, having generally the powers of a judge of probate or a surrogate. [1913 Webster]

     2. The mass; the common run. [Obs.]
        [1913 Webster]

              I see no more in you than in the ordinary Of nature's salework.                 --Shak. [1913 Webster]

     3. That which is so common, or continued, as to be considered a settled establishment or institution. [R.] [1913 Webster]

              Spain had no other wars save those which were grown into an ordinary.                     --Bacon. [1913 Webster]

     4. Anything which is in ordinary or common use. [1913 Webster]

              Water buckets, wagons, cart wheels, plow socks, and other ordinaries.                     --Sir W. Scott. [1913 Webster]

     5. A dining room or eating house where a meal is prepared for all comers, at a fixed price for the meal, in distinction from one where each dish is separately charged; a table d'h[^o]te; hence, also, the meal furnished at such a dining room. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

              All the odd words they have picked up in a coffeehouse, or a gaming ordinary, are produced as flowers of style.                     --Swift. [1913 Webster]

              He exacted a tribute for licenses to hawkers and peddlers and to ordinaries.           --Bancroft. [1913 Webster]

     6. (Her.) A charge or bearing of simple form, one of nine or ten which are in constant use. The {bend}, {chevron}, {chief}, {cross}, {fesse}, {pale}, and {saltire} are uniformly admitted as ordinaries. Some authorities include bar, bend sinister, pile, and others. See {Subordinary}. [1913 Webster]

     {In ordinary}.
        (a) In actual and constant service; statedly attending and serving; as, a physician or chaplain in ordinary. An ambassador in ordinary is one constantly resident at a foreign court. (b) (Naut.) Out of commission and laid up; -- said of a naval vessel.

     {Ordinary of the Mass} (R. C. Ch.), the part of the Mass which is the same every day; -- called also the {canon of the Mass}. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

Cross \Cross\ (kr[o^]s; 115), n. [OE. crois, croys, cros; the former fr. OF. crois, croiz, F. croix, fr. L. crux; the second is perh. directly fr. Prov. cros, crotz. fr. the same L. crux; cf. Icel. kross. Cf. {Crucial}, {Crusade}, {Cruise}, {Crux}.] [1913 Webster]
     1. A gibbet, consisting of two pieces of timber placed transversely upon one another, in various forms, as a T, or +, with the horizontal piece below the upper end of the upright, or as an X. It was anciently used in the execution of criminals. [1913 Webster]

              Nailed to the cross
              By his own nation.                    --Milton. [1913 Webster]

     2. The sign or mark of the cross, made with the finger, or in ink, etc., or actually represented in some material; the symbol of Christ's death; the ensign and chosen symbol of Christianity, of a Christian people, and of Christendom. [1913 Webster]

              The custom of making the sign of the cross with the hand or finger, as a means of conferring blessing or preserving from evil, is very old.    --Schaff-Herzog Encyc. [1913 Webster]

              Before the cross has waned the crescent's ray. --Sir W. Scott. [1913 Webster]

              Tis where the cross is preached.      --Cowper. [1913 Webster]

     3. Affiction regarded as a test of patience or virtue; trial; disappointment; opposition; misfortune. [1913 Webster]

              Heaven prepares a good man with crosses. --B. Jonson. [1913 Webster]

     4. A piece of money stamped with the figure of a cross, also, that side of such a piece on which the cross is stamped; hence, money in general. [1913 Webster]

              I should bear no cross if I did bear you; for I think you have no money in your purse. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

     5. An appendage or ornament or anything in the form of a cross; a badge or ornamental device of the general shape of a cross; hence, such an ornament, even when varying considerably from that form; thus, the Cross of the British Order of St. George and St. Michael consists of a central medallion with seven arms radiating from it. [1913 Webster]

     6. (Arch.) A monument in the form of a cross, or surmounted by a cross, set up in a public place; as, a market cross; a boundary cross; Charing Cross in London. [1913 Webster]

              Dun-Edin's Cross, a pillared stone,
              Rose on a turret octagon.             --Sir W. Scott. [1913 Webster]

     7. (Her.) A common heraldic bearing, of which there are many varieties. See the Illustration, above. [1913 Webster]

     8. The crosslike mark or symbol used instead of a signature by those unable to write. [1913 Webster]

              Five Kentish abbesses . . . .subscribed their names and crosses.                          --Fuller. [1913 Webster]

     9. Church lands. [Ireland] [Obs.] --Sir J. Davies. [1913 Webster]

     10. A line drawn across or through another line. [1913 Webster]

     11. Hence: A mixing of breeds or stock, especially in cattle breeding; or the product of such intermixture; a hybrid of any kind. [1913 Webster]

               Toning down the ancient Viking into a sort of a cross between Paul Jones and Jeremy Diddler. --Lord Dufferin. [1913 Webster]

     12. (Surveying) An instrument for laying of offsets perpendicular to the main course. [1913 Webster]

     13. (Mech.) A pipe-fitting with four branches the axes of which usually form's right angle. [1913 Webster]

     {Cross and pile}, a game with money, at which it is put to chance whether a coin shall fall with that side up which bears the cross, or the other, which is called pile, or reverse; the game called {heads or tails}.

     {Cross bottony} or

     {Cross botton['e]}. See under {Bottony}.

     {Cross estoil['e]} (Her.). a cross, each of whose arms is pointed like the ray of a star; that is, a star having four long points only.

     {Cross of Calvary}. See {Calvary}, 3.

     {Southern cross}. (Astron.) See under {Southern}.

     {To do a thing on the cross}, to act dishonestly; -- opposed to acting on the square. [Slang]

     {To take up the cross}, to bear troubles and afflictions with patience from love to Christ. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

Cross \Cross\ (kr[o^]s), a.
     1. Not parallel; lying or falling athwart; transverse; oblique; intersecting. [1913 Webster]

              The cross refraction of the second prism. --Sir I. Newton. [1913 Webster]

     2. Not accordant with what is wished or expected; interrupting; adverse; contrary; thwarting; perverse. "A cross fortune." --Jer. Taylor. [1913 Webster]

              The cross and unlucky issue of my design.
                                                    --Glanvill. [1913 Webster]

              The article of the resurrection seems to lie marvelously cross to the common experience of mankind.                              --South. [1913 Webster]

              We are both love's captives, but with fates so cross, One must be happy by the other's loss. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

     3. Characterized by, or in a state of, peevishness, fretfulness, or ill humor; as, a cross man or woman. [1913 Webster]

              He had received a cross answer from his mistress.
                                                    --Jer. Taylor. [1913 Webster]

     4. Made in an opposite direction, or an inverse relation; mutually inverse; interchanged; as, cross interrogatories; cross marriages, as when a brother and sister marry persons standing in the same relation to each other. [1913 Webster]

     {Cross action} (Law), an action brought by a party who is sued against the person who has sued him, upon the same subject matter, as upon the same contract. --Burrill.

     {Cross aisle} (Arch.), a transept; the lateral divisions of a cruciform church.

     {Cross axle}.
        (a) (Mach.) A shaft, windlass, or roller, worked by levers at opposite ends, as in the copperplate printing press. (b) A driving axle, with cranks set at an angle of 90[deg] with each other.

     {Cross bedding} (Geol.), oblique lamination of horizontal beds.

     {Cross bill}. See in the Vocabulary.

     {Cross bitt}. Same as {Crosspiece}.

     {Cross bond}, a form of bricklaying, in which the joints of one stretcher course come midway between those of the stretcher courses above and below, a course of headers and stretchers intervening. See {Bond}, n., 8.

     {Cross breed}. See in the Vocabulary.

     {Cross breeding}. See under {Breeding}.

     {Cross buttock}, a particular throw in wrestling; hence, an unexpected defeat or repulse. --Smollet.

     {Cross country}, across the country; not by the road. "The cross-country ride." --Cowper.

     {Cross fertilization}, the fertilization of the female products of one physiological individual by the male products of another, -- as the fertilization of the ovules of one plant by pollen from another. See {Fertilization}.


     {Cross file}, a double convex file, used in dressing out the arms or crosses of fine wheels.

     {Cross fire} (Mil.), lines of fire, from two or more points or places, crossing each other.

     {Cross forked}. (Her.) See under {Forked}.

     {Cross frog}. See under {Frog}.

     {Cross furrow}, a furrow or trench cut across other furrows to receive the water running in them and conduct it to the side of the field.

     {Cross handle}, a handle attached transversely to the axis of a tool, as in the augur. --Knight.

     {Cross lode} (Mining), a vein intersecting the true or principal lode.

     {Cross purpose}. See {Cross-purpose}, in the Vocabulary.

     {Cross reference}, a reference made from one part of a book or register to another part, where the same or an allied subject is treated of.

     {Cross sea} (Naut.), a chopping sea, in which the waves run in contrary directions.

     {Cross stroke}, a line or stroke across something, as across the letter t.

     {Cross wind}, a side wind; an unfavorable wind.

     {Cross wires}, fine wires made to traverse the field of view in a telescope, and moved by a screw with a graduated head, used for delicate astronomical observations; spider lines. Fixed cross wires are also used in microscopes, etc.

     Syn: Fretful; peevish. See {Fretful}.
          [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

Cross \Cross\, prep.
     Athwart; across. [Archaic or Colloq.]
     [1913 Webster]

           A fox was taking a walk one night cross a village.
                                                    --L'Estrange. [1913 Webster]

     {To go cross lots}, to go across the fields; to take a short cut. [Colloq.] [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

Cross \Cross\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Crossed} (kr[o^]st; 115); p. pr. & vb. n. {Crossing}.]
     1. To put across or athwart; to cause to intersect; as, to cross the arms. [1913 Webster]

     2. To lay or draw something, as a line, across; as, to cross the letter t. [1913 Webster]

     3. To pass from one side to the other of; to pass or move over; to traverse; as, to cross a stream. [1913 Webster]

              A hunted hare . . . crosses and confounds her former track.                                -- I. Watts. [1913 Webster]

     4. To pass, as objects going in an opposite direction at the same time. "Your kind letter crossed mine." --J. D. Forbes. [1913 Webster]

     5. To run counter to; to thwart; to obstruct; to hinder; to clash or interfere with. [1913 Webster]

              In each thing give him way; cross him in nothing.
                                                    --Shak. [1913 Webster]

              An oyster may be crossed in love.     -- Sheridan. [1913 Webster]

     6. To interfere and cut off; to debar. [Obs.]
        [1913 Webster]

              To cross me from the golden time I look for. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

     7. To make the sign of the cross upon; -- followed by the reflexive pronoun; as, he crossed himself. [1913 Webster]

     8. To cancel by marking crosses on or over, or drawing a line across; to erase; -- usually with out, off, or over; as, to cross out a name. [1913 Webster]

     9. To cause to interbreed; -- said of different stocks or races; to mix the breed of. [1913 Webster]

     {To cross a check} (Eng. Banking), to draw two parallel transverse lines across the face of a check, with or without adding between them the words "and company", with or without the words "not negotiable", or to draw the transverse lines simply, with or without the words "not negotiable" (the check in any of these cases being crossed generally). Also, to write or print across the face of a check the name of a banker, with or without the words "not negotiable" (the check being then crossed specially). A check crossed generally is payable only when presented through a bank; one crossed specially, only when presented through the bank mentioned. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

     {To cross one's path}, to oppose one's plans. --Macaulay. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

Cross \Cross\, v. i.
     1. To lie or be athwart.
        [1913 Webster]

     2. To move or pass from one side to the other, or from place to place; to make a transit; as, to cross from New York to Liverpool. [1913 Webster]

     3. To be inconsistent. [Obs.]
        [1913 Webster]

              Men's actions do not always cross with reason. --Sir P. Sidney. [1913 Webster]

     4. To interbreed, as races; to mix distinct breeds. [1913 Webster]

              If two individuals of distinct races cross, a third is invariably produced different from either.
                                                    --Coleridge. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

845 Moby Thesaurus words for "cross":
     Agnus Dei, Calvary cross, Cape Colored, Christogram, Eurasian, Greek cross, Holy Grail, Host, Jerusalem cross, John Hancock, Latin cross, Malacca cane, Maltese cross, Russian cross, Sanctus bell, Sangraal, T, X, abjure, achievement, across, across the grain, adversary, adversative, adverse, adverse circumstances, adversity, affliction, against the grain, against the tide, against the wind, aggravation, alerion, alien, alpenstock, angered, angry, animal charge, ankh, annoyance, annoyed, annulet, antagonistic, antagonize, anti, antipathetic, antithetic, arch, argent, ark, armorial bearings, armory, arms, asperger, asperges, aspergillum, assert the contrary, at cross-purposes, at daggers, at daggers drawn, at issue, at loggerheads, at odds, at variance, at war, at war with, athwart, athwartships, autograph, avellan cross, ax, azure, badge, badge of office, badges, baffle, balk, bambino, bandeau, bar, bar sinister, barrow, bastard, baton, be antipathetic, be at cross-purposes, be contrary to, be inimical, beadroll, beads, bearings, bearish, beat against, belie, bend, bend sinister, bestride, bilk, billet, bitchy, bitter cup, bitter draft, bitter draught, bitter pill, blast, blazon, blazonry, blend, bless, blight, block, boat, bordure, boundary stone, brass, brassard, brave, broad arrow, browned-off, bummer, burden, burden of care, burthen, bust, button, bypass, cadency mark, cairn, call into question, calvary, cancel, candle, cane, cankered, cankerworm of care, canoe, cantankerous, canton, cap and gown, captious, care, cargo, carping, carry sail, cast down, cattalo, caviling, cenotaph, censer, chain, chain of office, challenge, chaplet, charge, checkmate, chevron, chi, chi-rho, chiasmal, chiasmic, chiastic, chief, choleric, christcross, churlish, ciborium, cipher, circumnavigate, circumvent, citrange, clash, clashing, class ring, coast, coat of arms, cockade, cockatrice, collar, collide, column, combination, competitive, con, conflict, conflict with, conflicting, confound, confront, confute, contest, contra, contradict, contradictory, contrapose, contrariwise, contrary, contravene, contrawise, controvert, coronet, counter, counteract, counterattack, countermand, countermark, counterpose, countersign, countersignature, counterstamp, countervail, counterwork, crabbed, cranky, crescent, crest, crisscross, cromlech, crook, crosier, cross ancre, cross botonee, cross bourdonee, cross fitche, cross fleury, cross formee, cross fourchee, cross grignolee, cross moline, cross of Cleves, cross of Lorraine, cross patee, cross recercelee, cross-crosslet, cross-grained, cross-shaped, cross-staff, crossbar, crossbones, crossbred, crossbreed, crosscut, crossed, crossing, crosslet, crosslike, crossway, crossways, crosswise, crotchety, crown, crown of thorns, cruciate, crucible, cruciferous, crucifix, cruciform, cruet, cruise, crusty, crutch, crutch-stick, crux, crux ansata, crux capitata, crux decussata, crux gammata, crux immissa, crux ordinaria, cumbrance, cup, curse, cussed, cut across, cyclolith, dagger, dash, deadweight, death chair, death chamber, decoration, decussate, decussated, defeat, defeat expectation, defy, delete, deny, destroy, device, difference, differencing, differing, difficulties, difficulty, disaccordant, disadvantage, disaffirm, disagreeable, disagreeing, disallow, disappoint, disavow, disclaim, discomfit, disconcert, discordant, discountenance, discrepant, dish, disharmonious, disillusion, disown, disproportionate, disprove, dispute, disrupt, dissatisfy, dissentient, dissident, dissonant, distress, divergent, dolmen, double-cross, downer, dress, drop, eagle, electric chair, elude, embarrassment, emblems, encumbrance, endorsement, enemy, ensigns, erase, ermine, ermines, erminites, erminois, escutcheon, eucharistial, ex, excitable, exing, eyeball-to-eyeball, falcon, fasces, faultfinding, feisty, fess, fess point, field, figurehead, file, flanch, fleur-de-lis, flummox, foil, footstone, ford, fork cross, forswear, fractious, freight, fret, frustrate, fur, furious, fusil, gainsay, gall, gall and wormwood, gallows, gallows-tree, gammadion, garland, gas chamber, get ahead of, gibbet, give benediction, go across, go against, go by, go by ship, go counter to, go on shipboard, go to sea, grating, grave, gravestone, grievance, griffe, griffin, grouchy, grumpy, guillotine, gules, gyron, half blood, half-bred, half-breed, half-caste, halter, hammer and sickle, hamper, hand, handicap, handstaff, hard knocks, hard life, hard lot, hardcase, hardship, hatchment, headstone, helmet, hemp, hempen collar, heraldic device, heraldry, high yellow, hinny, hoarstone, holy cross, holy water, holy-water sprinkler, honor point, hostile, hot seat, huffish, huffy, hybrid, hybridize, icon, immiscible, impalement, impaling, impediment, impedimenta, imposition, impugn, in confrontation, in hostile array, in opposition, inaccordant, incensed, incensory, incompatible, inconvenience, indignant, inescutcheon, infliction, inharmonious, inimical, initials, inscription, insignia, interbred, interbreed, intercross, interfere with, intersect, intersected, intersecting, inverted cross, invoke benefits upon, irascible, irate, ireful, irritable, irritated, irritation, jangling, jarring, join, join issue upon, join the opposition, label, ladino, lapel pin, lay hands on, let down, lethal chamber, lie across, lie athwart, liger, lion, lituus, livery, livid, load, lock horns, long cross, lozenge, lumber, mace, mad, maiden, make a passage, mantle, mantling, mark, mark of signature, marker, markings, marshaling, martlet, mascle, matzo, mausoleum, mean, medal, meet, meet head-on, megalith, memento, memorial, memorial arch, memorial column, memorial statue, memorial stone, menhir, menorah, mestee, mestiza, mestizo, metal, metis, metisse, mezuzah, mikvah, militate against, miscegenate, mixblood, mixed-blood, mongrel, mongrelize, monogram, monolith, monstrance, monument, moody, mortarboard, motorboat, motto, mound, mulatto, mule, mullet, mustee, navigate, necrology, negate, negative, nombril point, noncooperative, nonplus, noose, not abide, not accept, not admit, nullify, obelisk, obituary, oblique, obliquely, obstinate, octofoil, octoroon, old school tie, onus, opponent, oppose, opposed, opposing, opposite, oppositional, oppositive, oppression, oppugn, oppugnant, or, ordeal, ordinary, orle, ornery, osculatory, ostensorium, out of accord, out of whack, over, overstride, overthwart, pack, pack of troubles, pale, paly, papal cross, paschal candle, pass, pass by, pass over, pastoral staff, paterissa, pax, pean, peck of troubles, pectoral cross, peevish, penalty, perplex, perverse, pettish, petulant, pheon, phylacteries, pillar, pin, piqued, pissed, pissed-off, plaque, play at cross-purposes, plight, plumcot, ply, potent cross, prayer shawl, prayer wheel, predicament, pressure, prize, protest, purpure, pyramid, pyx, quadroon, quarter, quartering, quarterstaff, querulous, quick-tempered, quintroon, ratty, rebut, recalcitrant, recant, refractory, refuse to admit, refute, regalia, reject, relics, reliquary, remembrance, renounce, repudiate, repugnant, resist, retract, revoke, ribbon, rigor, riled up, ring, rival, rood, rope, rosary, rose, rostral column, row, rub out, ruin, run, run against, run counter to, sable, sabotage, sacred relics, sacring bell, sail, sail round, sail the sea, saltire, sambo, scaffold, school ring, scotch, scull, scutcheon, sea of troubles, seafare, seal, secant, sell, sell out, shaft, shamrock, shield, shillelagh, shirty, shofar, shoot ahead of, short-tempered, shrine, sideways, sidewise, sigil, sigillography, sign manual, signature, signet, skull and crossbones, snappish, sore, sorrow, span, sphragistics, spike, spiteful, spleeny, splenetic, split, spoil, spread eagle, staff, stake, stave, steam, steamboat, stela, step over, stick, stone, stonewall, straddle, stress, stress of life, strike out, stump, stupa, subordinary, subscription, sukkah, surly, swagger stick, swanking stick, swastika, swim upstream, tabernacle, tablet, take a voyage, take back, take issue with, tallith, tangelo, tantalize, tartan, tau, tease, tenne, testimonial, testy, tetchy, the chair, thistle, thorn, thurible, thwart, thwartly, thwartways, ticked off, tie, tigon, tincture, tomb, tombstone, tope, torse, touchy, transversal, transverse, transversely, traverse, tree, trefled cross, tressure, trial, tribulation, trophy, trouble, troubles, ugly, uncongenial, uncooperative, unfavorable, unfriendly, unharmonious, unicorn, uniform, unpropitious, up in arms, upset, urceole, vair, vale of tears, variant, verge, veronica, vert, vexed, vicissitude, vigil light, visa, vise, visitation, voided cross, vote against, votive candle, voyage, walking stick, wand, waspish, waters of bitterness, weight, white elephant, wipe out, with crossed bayonets, withstand, woe, work against, worked up, wrathful, wrathy, wreath, wroth, wrought-up, x-shaped, yacht, yale, zebrass, zebrule


Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 [moby-thesaurus]


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