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Definition of CAST

8 definitions found:

Gun \Gun\ (g[u^]n), n. [OE. gonne, gunne; of uncertain origin; cf. Ir., Gael., & LL. gunna, W. gum; possibly (like cannon) fr. L. canna reed, tube; or abbreviated fr. OF. mangonnel, E. mangonel, a machine for hurling stones.]
     1. A weapon which throws or propels a missile to a distance; any firearm or instrument for throwing projectiles, consisting of a tube or barrel closed at one end, in which the projectile is placed, with an explosive charge (such as guncotton or gunpowder) behind, which is ignited by various means. Pistols, rifles, carbines, muskets, and fowling pieces are smaller guns, for hand use, and are called {small arms}. Larger guns are called {cannon}, {ordnance}, {fieldpieces}, {carronades}, {howitzers}, etc. See these terms in the Vocabulary. [1913 Webster]

              As swift as a pellet out of a gunne
              When fire is in the powder runne.     --Chaucer. [1913 Webster]

              The word gun was in use in England for an engine to cast a thing from a man long before there was any gunpowder found out.                  --Selden. [1913 Webster]

     2. (Mil.) A piece of heavy ordnance; in a restricted sense, a cannon. [1913 Webster]

     3. pl. (Naut.) Violent blasts of wind.
        [1913 Webster]

     Note: Guns are classified, according to their construction or manner of loading as {rifled} or {smoothbore}, {breech-loading} or {muzzle-loading}, {cast} or {built-up guns}; or according to their use, as {field}, {mountain}, {prairie}, {seacoast}, and {siege guns}. [1913 Webster]

     {Armstrong gun}, a wrought iron breech-loading cannon named after its English inventor, Sir William Armstrong.

     {Big gun} or {Great gun}, a piece of heavy ordnance; hence (Fig.), a person superior in any way; as, bring in the big guns to tackle the problem.

     {Gun barrel}, the barrel or tube of a gun.

     {Gun carriage}, the carriage on which a gun is mounted or moved.

     {Gun cotton} (Chem.), a general name for a series of explosive nitric ethers of cellulose, obtained by steeping cotton in nitric and sulphuric acids. Although there are formed substances containing nitric acid radicals, yet the results exactly resemble ordinary cotton in appearance. It burns without ash, with explosion if confined, but quietly and harmlessly if free and open, and in small quantity. Specifically, the lower nitrates of cellulose which are insoluble in ether and alcohol in distinction from the highest (pyroxylin) which is soluble. See {Pyroxylin}, and cf. {Xyloidin}. The gun cottons are used for blasting and somewhat in gunnery: for making celluloid when compounded with camphor; and the soluble variety (pyroxylin) for making collodion. See {Celluloid}, and {Collodion}. Gun cotton is frequenty but improperly called {nitrocellulose}. It is not a nitro compound, but an ester of nitric acid.

     {Gun deck}. See under {Deck}.

     {Gun fire}, the time at which the morning or the evening gun is fired.

     {Gun metal}, a bronze, ordinarily composed of nine parts of copper and one of tin, used for cannon, etc. The name is also given to certain strong mixtures of cast iron.

     {Gun port} (Naut.), an opening in a ship through which a cannon's muzzle is run out for firing.

     {Gun tackle} (Naut.), the blocks and pulleys affixed to the side of a ship, by which a gun carriage is run to and from the gun port.

     {Gun tackle purchase} (Naut.), a tackle composed of two single blocks and a fall. --Totten.

     {Krupp gun}, a wrought steel breech-loading cannon, named after its German inventor, Herr Krupp.

     {Machine gun}, a breech-loading gun or a group of such guns, mounted on a carriage or other holder, and having a reservoir containing cartridges which are loaded into the gun or guns and fired in rapid succession. In earlier models, such as the {Gatling gun}, the cartridges were loaded by machinery operated by turning a crank. In modern versions the loading of cartidges is accomplished by levers operated by the recoil of the explosion driving the bullet, or by the pressure of gas within the barrel. Several hundred shots can be fired in a minute by such weapons, with accurate aim. The {Gatling gun}, {Gardner gun}, {Hotchkiss gun}, and {Nordenfelt gun}, named for their inventors, and the French {mitrailleuse}, are machine guns.

     {To blow great guns} (Naut.), to blow a gale. See {Gun}, n.,
        [1913 Webster +PJC]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

Cast \Cast\ (k[.a]st), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Cast}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Casting}.] [Cf. Dan. kaste, Icel. & Sw. kasta; perh. akin to L. {gerere} to bear, carry. E. jest.]
     1. To send or drive by force; to throw; to fling; to hurl; to impel. [1913 Webster]

              Uzziah prepared . . . slings to cast stones. --2 Chron. xxvi.
                                                    14. [1913 Webster]

              Cast thy garment about thee, and follow me. --Acts. xii. 8. [1913 Webster]

              We must be cast upon a certain island. --Acts. xxvii. 26. [1913 Webster]

     2. To direct or turn, as the eyes.
        [1913 Webster]

              How earnestly he cast his eyes upon me! --Shak. [1913 Webster]

     3. To drop; to deposit; as, to cast a ballot.
        [1913 Webster]

     4. To throw down, as in wrestling. --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]

     5. To throw up, as a mound, or rampart.
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              Thine enemies shall cast a trench [bank] about thee.
                                                    --Luke xix.
                                                    48. [1913 Webster]

     6. To throw off; to eject; to shed; to lose.
        [1913 Webster]

              His filth within being cast.          --Shak. [1913 Webster]

              Neither shall your vine cast her fruit. --Mal. iii.
                                                    11 [1913 Webster]

              The creatures that cast the skin are the snake, the viper, etc.                           --Bacon. [1913 Webster]

     7. To bring forth prematurely; to slink.
        [1913 Webster]

              Thy she-goats have not cast their young. --Gen. xxi.
                                                    38. [1913 Webster]

     8. To throw out or emit; to exhale. [Obs.]
        [1913 Webster]

              This . . . casts a sulphureous smell. --Woodward. [1913 Webster]

     9. To cause to fall; to shed; to reflect; to throw; as, to cast a ray upon a screen; to cast light upon a subject. [1913 Webster]

     10. To impose; to bestow; to rest.
         [1913 Webster]

               The government I cast upon my brother. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

               Cast thy burden upon the Lord.       --Ps. iv. 22. [1913 Webster]

     11. To dismiss; to discard; to cashier. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

               The state can not with safety cast him. [1913 Webster]

     12. To compute; to reckon; to calculate; as, to cast a horoscope. "Let it be cast and paid." --Shak. [1913 Webster]

               You cast the event of war, my noble lord. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

     13. To contrive; to plan. [Archaic]
         [1913 Webster]

               The cloister . . . had, I doubt not, been cast for [an orange-house].                   --Sir W. Temple. [1913 Webster]

     14. To defeat in a lawsuit; to decide against; to convict; as, to be cast in damages. [1913 Webster]

               She was cast to be hanged.           --Jeffrey. [1913 Webster]

               Were the case referred to any competent judge, they would inevitably be cast.            --Dr. H. More. [1913 Webster]

     15. To turn (the balance or scale); to overbalance; hence, to make preponderate; to decide; as, a casting voice. [1913 Webster]

               How much interest casts the balance in cases dubious!                             --South. [1913 Webster]

     16. To form into a particular shape, by pouring liquid metal or other material into a mold; to fashion; to found; as, to cast bells, stoves, bullets. [1913 Webster]

     17. (Print.) To stereotype or electrotype.
         [1913 Webster]

     18. To fix, distribute, or allot, as the parts of a play among actors; also to assign (an actor) for a part. [1913 Webster]

               Our parts in the other world will be new cast.
                                                    --Addison. [1913 Webster]

     {To cast anchor} (Naut.) See under {Anchor}.

     {To cast a horoscope}, to calculate it.

     {To cast a} {horse, sheep}, or other animal, to throw with the feet upwards, in such a manner as to prevent its rising again.

     {To cast a shoe}, to throw off or lose a shoe, said of a horse or ox.

     {To cast aside}, to throw or push aside; to neglect; to reject as useless or inconvenient.

     {To cast away}.
         (a) To throw away; to lavish; to waste. "Cast away a life" --Addison. (b) To reject; to let perish. "Cast away his people."
             --Rom. xi. 1. "Cast one away." --Shak. (c) To wreck. "Cast away and sunk." --Shak.

     {To cast by}, to reject; to dismiss or discard; to throw away.

     {To cast down}, to throw down; to destroy; to deject or depress, as the mind. "Why art thou cast down. O my soul?"
        --Ps. xiii. 5.

     {To cast forth}, to throw out, or eject, as from an inclosed place; to emit; to send out.

     {To cast in one's lot with}, to share the fortunes of.

     {To cast in one's teeth}, to upbraid or abuse one for; to twin.

     {To cast lots}. See under {Lot}.

     {To cast off}.
         (a) To discard or reject; to drive away; to put off; to free one's self from. (b) (Hunting) To leave behind, as dogs; also, to set loose, or free, as dogs. --Crabb. (c) (Naut.) To untie, throw off, or let go, as a rope.

     {To cast off copy}, (Print.), to estimate how much printed matter a given amount of copy will make, or how large the page must be in order that the copy may make a given number of pages.

     {To cast one's self on} or {To cast one's self upon} to yield or submit one's self unreservedly to, as to the mercy of another.

     {To cast out}, to throw out; to eject, as from a house; to cast forth; to expel; to utter.

     {To cast the lead} (Naut.), to sound by dropping the lead to the bottom.

     {To cast the water} (Med.), to examine the urine for signs of disease. [Obs.].

     {To cast up}.
         (a) To throw up; to raise.
         (b) To compute; to reckon, as the cost.
         (c) To vomit.
         (d) To twit with; to throw in one's teeth. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

Cast \Cast\ (k[.a]st), v. i.
     1. To throw, as a line in angling, esp, with a fly hook. [1913 Webster]

     2. (Naut.) To turn the head of a vessel around from the wind in getting under weigh. [1913 Webster]

              Weigh anchor, cast to starboard.      --Totten. [1913 Webster]

     3. To consider; to turn or revolve in the mind; to plan; as, to cast about for reasons. [1913 Webster]

              She . . . cast in her mind what manner of salution this should be.                       --Luke. i. 29. [1913 Webster]

     4. To calculate; to compute. [R.]
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              Who would cast and balance at a desk. --Tennyson. [1913 Webster]

     5. To receive form or shape in a mold.
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              It will not run thin, so as to cast and mold.
                                                    --Woodward. [1913 Webster]

     6. To warp; to become twisted out of shape.
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              Stuff is said to cast or warp when . . . it alters its flatness or straightness.         --Moxon. [1913 Webster]

     7. To vomit.
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              These verses . . . make me ready to cast. --B. Jonson. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

Cast \Cast\,
     3d pers. pres. of {Cast}, for Casteth. [Obs.] --Chaucer. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

Cast \Cast\, n. [Cf. Icel., Dan., & Sw. kast.]
     1. The act of casting or throwing; a throw.
        [1913 Webster]

     2. The thing thrown.
        [1913 Webster]

              A cast of dreadful dust.              --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

     3. The distance to which a thing is or can be thrown. "About a stone's cast." --Luke xxii. 41. [1913 Webster]

     4. A throw of dice; hence, a chance or venture. [1913 Webster]

              An even cast whether the army should march this way or that way. --Sowth. [1913 Webster]

              I have set my life upon a cast,
              And I will stand the hazard of the die. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

     5. That which is throw out or off, shed, or ejected; as, the skin of an insect, the refuse from a hawk's stomach, the excrement of a earthworm. [1913 Webster]

     6. The act of casting in a mold.
        [1913 Webster]

              And why such daily cast of brazen cannon. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

     7. An impression or mold, taken from a thing or person; amold; a pattern. [1913 Webster]

     8. That which is formed in a mild; esp. a reproduction or copy, as of a work of art, in bronze or plaster, etc.; a casting. [1913 Webster]

     9. Form; appearence; mien; air; style; as, a peculiar cast of countenance. "A neat cast of verse." --Pope. [1913 Webster]

              An heroic poem, but in another cast and figure.
                                                    --Prior. [1913 Webster]

              And thus the native hue of resolution Is sicklied o'er with the pale cast of thought.
                                                    --Shak. [1913 Webster]

     10. A tendency to any color; a tinge; a shade. [1913 Webster]

               Gray with a cast of green.           --Woodward. [1913 Webster]

     11. A chance, opportunity, privilege, or advantage; specifically, an opportunity of riding; a lift. [Scotch] [1913 Webster]

               We bargained with the driver to give us a cast to the next stage.                      --Smollett. [1913 Webster]

               If we had the cast o' a cart to bring it. --Sir W. Scott. [1913 Webster]

     12. The assignment of parts in a play to the actors. [1913 Webster]

     13. (Falconary) A flight or a couple or set of hawks let go at one time from the hand. --Grabb. [1913 Webster]

               As when a cast of falcons make their flight.
                                                    --Spenser. [1913 Webster]

     14. A stoke, touch, or trick. [Obs.]
         [1913 Webster]

               This was a cast of Wood's politics; for his information was wholly false.        --Swift. [1913 Webster]

     15. A motion or turn, as of the eye; direction; look; glance; squint. [1913 Webster]

               The cast of the eye is a gesture of aversion.
                                                    --Bacon. [1913 Webster]

               And let you see with one cast of an eye. --Addison. [1913 Webster]

               This freakish, elvish cast came into the child's eye.                                 --Hawthorne. [1913 Webster]

     16. A tube or funnel for conveying metal into a mold. [1913 Webster]

     17. Four; that is, as many as are thrown into a vessel at once in counting herrings, etc; a warp. [1913 Webster]

     18. Contrivance; plot, design. [Obs.] --Chaucer. [1913 Webster]

     {A cast of the eye}, a slight squint or strabismus.

     {Renal cast} (Med.), microscopic bodies found in the urine of persons affected with disease of the kidneys; -- so called because they are formed of matter deposited in, and preserving the outline of, the renal tubes.

     {The last cast}, the last throw of the dice or last effort, on which every thing is ventured; the last chance. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

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881 Moby Thesaurus words for "cast":
     Ace bandage, Band-Aid, Platonic form, Platonic idea, a thing for, abandon, abdicate, about ship, account, achromatism, acting company, actor, add, address, adhesive tape, aesthetic form, affinity, age group, aggregate, aim, air, algebraize, amount, animus, antagonist, antihero, application, appoint, aptitude, aptness, archetype, aroma, arrange, arrangement, art form, assemble, assembled, assign, attribute, back and fill, badge, band, bandage, bandaging, barf, battalion, be confined, bear, bear a child, bear away, bear off, bear to starboard, bear young, bearing, beat, beat about, bent, bevy, bias, binder, bit, bit part, blaze, blink, block out, blood, blueprint, body, body-build, boot out, born, bounce, bowl, box off, box score, brace, brand, break, breed, brigade, bring about, bring round, bring up, broadcast, bronze, brow, build, built, bullion, bunch, bung, burn, burn in, burn off, button, cabal, cachet, calculate, calve, calved, cant, cant round, carriage, carve, cashier, cast about, cast aside, cast at, cast away, cast of characters, cast of countenance, cast off, cast out, casting, cataplasm, catapult, cauterize, change course, change of pace, change the heading, change-up, char, character, characteristic, characteristics, characters, chart, chase, chisel, choose, chorus, chromatism, chromism, chuck, chuck at, chuck out, chunk, cipher, circus troupe, clan, clap, class, clique, coal, cohort, color, color balance, color harmony, color scheme, coloration, coloring, come about, company, complement, complexion, compose, composition, compound, compress, compute, conatus, concert, concoct, conduciveness, configuration, conformation, constituents, constitution, construct, constructed, contingent, contrive, convergent strabismus, corps, corps de ballet, coterie, cotton, count, countenance, court plaster, covey, crack, crafted, crap, craps, crasis, cravat, create, created, crew, cross-eye, cross-eyedness, crowd, cue, cupel, curve, custom, custom-built, custom-made, cut, cut out, dart, dash, decorator color, deep-six, defenestrate, delegate, delight, demeanor, denomination, description, design, designate, designation, desquamation, detachment, detail, detrude, devise, dharma, diathesis, die, difference, differentia, differential, discard, discharge, disgorge, dismiss, disperse, dispose of, disposition, distinctive feature, distribute, ditch, divide, division, doff, dope out, double a point, downcurve, dramatis personae, dressing, drive out, drop, dropped, dump, eagerness, earmark, eccentricity, efform, eight, eighty-six, eject, elaborate, elastic bandage, eleven, eliminate, engrave, ensemble, epithem, erect, esotropia, estimate, ethos, evict, evolve, exclude, exile, exotropia, expel, expression, extract roots, extracted, extrude, exuviae, exuviate, fabricate, fabricated, face, facial appearance, faction, farrow, fashion, fashioned, fastball, fat part, favor, fawn, feather, feature, features, feeder, feeling for, fetch about, fiber, figuration, figure, figure in, figure out, fire, fire at, first string, first team, five, fix, flame, flash, flavor, fleet, fling, fling at, flip, foal, foaled, foot, forecast, foretelling, forge, forged, fork, form, formalize, format, formation, formed, formulate, formulation, forward pass, found, four-tailed bandage, frame, fudge together, gang, garb, gate, gathered, gauze, genius, genre, genus, get quit of, get rid of, get shut of, get up, give away, give birth, give the hook, given birth, giving birth, glance, gleam, glimpse, go about, grain, grave, group, grouping, groupment, grown, guise, gust, gybe, habit, half an eye, hallmark, handcrafted, handmade, harvested, hatched, have, have a baby, have young, heave, heave at, heave out, heave round, heavy, hero, heroine, heterotropia, hew, hint, homemade, homespun, hue, humor, humors, hurl, hurl against, hurl at, hurtle, idea, idiocrasy, idiosyncrasy, ilk, impress, impression, in-group, inclination, incline, incurve, index, indite, individualism, ingenue, ingot, inner form, insculpture, intaglio, intend, intimation, irregularity, jerk, jettison, jibe, jibe all standing, jilt, junk, junta, key, keynote, kick downstairs, kick out, kidney, kin, kind, kitten, knead, knock out, knuckleball, label, labor, lamb, lance, last, lateral, lateral pass, launch, lay, lay out, lay plans, layout, lead, lead role, leading lady, leading man, leading woman, leaning, leave, let fly, let fly at, level, liability, lick, lick into shape, lie in, liking, line, lineaments, lines, lint, lister, litter, lob, look, look for, looks, lot, machine-made, machined, made, made to order, make, make a projection, make arrangements, make up, makeup, man-made, manner, mannerism, manufacture, manufactured, marble, mark, marking, maroon, matrix, mature, measure, mental set, methodize, mettle, mien, milled, mind, mind-set, mined, mint, miss stays, mob, mobile, modality, mode, model, mold, molded, molding, molt, mould, movement, multiply, name, natural, natural color, nature, nee, negative, newborn, nick, nine, nominate, number, obtrude, odor, on, organize, oust, out-group, outcurve, outfit, oxidate, oxidize, pack, pallor, parch, part, part with, particularity, party, pass, patch together, pattern, peculiarity, peek, peep, peer group, peg, pelt, penchant, person, personage, persuasion, phalanx, phylum, physiognomy, physique, pick, piece, piece together, pig, pitch, pitchfork, plan, plan ahead, plank, plaster, plaster cast, platoon, pledget, plop, plump, plunk, ply, point, port, posse, posture, poultice, prearrange, predilection, predisposition, prefab, prefabricate, prefabricated, preference, prejudice, prepare, presence, prevision, probability, processed, proclivity, produce, product, prognosis, prognostication, program, project, proneness, propensity, property, prophecy, protagonist, prototype, puke, punch, pup, put, put about, put back, put out, put the shot, put together, put up, pyrolyze, quality, quantity, quick sight, quirk, race, raise, raised, rapid glance, rationalize, readiness, ready-for-wear, ready-formed, ready-made, ready-prepared, ready-to-wear, rear, reckon, reckoning, refined, regiment, regulus, reject, relinquish, remove, repertory company, reserves, role, roll, roller, roller bandage, rough out, roughcast, roughhew, round a point, rowing crew, rubber bandage, run up, salon, savor, scatter, schedule, schematize, scintilla, scorch, score, scrap, screwball, sculp, sculpt, sculpture, seal, sear, search for, second string, second team, seek, select, send, sensitivity to, serve, service, set, set up, shade, shadow, shape, shaped, shed, sheer, sheet metal, shift, shipwreck, shoe last, shot, shot-put, shy, shy at, side, significant form, singe, singularity, sinker, sip, skin color, slant, slap, slew, slider, sling, sling at, slough, smack, smattering, smell, smelted, snap, soft spot, solder, somatotype, sort, soubrette, soupcon, sow, spark, specialty, species, spew, spirit, spitball, spitter, splint, sponge, sprinkling, squad, squinch, squint, squiz, stabile, stable, stamp, stance, statue, stillborn, stock company, strabismus, straight part, strain, streak, string, stripe, structure, stupe, style, subtract, suchness, suggestion, sum, summate, summation, sup, supporting cast, supporting character, supporting role, surrender, susceptibility, suspicion, swerve, swing round, swing the stern, swinge, system, systematize, tack, tailor, taint, take account of, tale, tally, tampon, tang, tape, taste, team, temper, temperament, template, tendency, tenor, tent, terra cotta, the bottom line, the like of, the likes of, the story, the whole story, thermoform, third string, thought, throw, throw about, throw at, throw away, throw off, throw out, throw over, throw overboard, throw up, thrust, thrust out, tilt, tinct, tincture, tinge, tint, title role, token, tone, torrefy, toss, toss at, toss out, toss overboard, tot, total, tote, touch, tourniquet, trace, train, trait, traits, travail, triangular bandage, tribe, trick, troop, tropism, troupe, turn, turn back, turn of mind, turn out, twist, type, undercolor, upchuck, upcurve, upward strabismus, variety, varsity, veer, vein, vesicate, villain, visage, vulcanize, walk-on, walking part, walleye, warp, way, weakness, wear, wear ship, weird, weld, well-built, well-constructed, well-made, whelp, whelped, whole, whomp up, willingness, wind, wing, wink, work, work out, work up, write, x number, yaw, yean, yield

Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 [moby-thesaurus]

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