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Definition of BURN

5 definitions found:



Burn \Burn\ (b[^u]rn), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Burned} (b[^u]rnd) or {Burnt} (b[^u]rnt); p. pr. & vb. n. {Burning}.] [OE. bernen, brennen, v. t., early confused with beornen, birnen, v. i., AS. b[ae]rnan, bernan, v. t., birnan, v. i.; akin to OS. brinnan, OFries. barna, berna, OHG. brinnan, brennan, G. brennen, OD. bernen, D. branden, Dan. br[ae]nde, Sw. br[aum]nna, brinna, Icel. brenna, Goth. brinnan, brannjan (in comp.), and possibly to E. fervent.]
     1. To consume with fire; to reduce to ashes by the action of heat or fire; -- frequently intensified by up: as, to burn up wood. "We'll burn his body in the holy place." --Shak. [1913 Webster]

     2. To injure by fire or heat; to change destructively some property or properties of, by undue exposure to fire or heat; to scorch; to scald; to blister; to singe; to char; to sear; as, to burn steel in forging; to burn one's face in the sun; the sun burns the grass. [1913 Webster]

     3. To perfect or improve by fire or heat; to submit to the action of fire or heat for some economic purpose; to destroy or change some property or properties of, by exposure to fire or heat in due degree for obtaining a desired residuum, product, or effect; to bake; as, to burn clay in making bricks or pottery; to burn wood so as to produce charcoal; to burn limestone for the lime. [1913 Webster]

     4. To make or produce, as an effect or result, by the application of fire or heat; as, to burn a hole; to burn charcoal; to burn letters into a block. [1913 Webster]

     5. To consume, injure, or change the condition of, as if by action of fire or heat; to affect as fire or heat does; as, to burn the mouth with pepper. [1913 Webster]

              This tyrant fever burns me up.        --Shak. [1913 Webster]

              This dry sorrow burns up all my tears. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

              When the cold north wind bloweth, . . . it devoureth the mountains, and burneth the wilderness, and consumeth the ??ass as fire.          --Ecclus. xliii. 20, 21. [1913 Webster]

     6. (Surg.) To apply a cautery to; to cauterize. [1913 Webster]

     7. (Chem.) To cause to combine with oxygen or other active agent, with evolution of heat; to consume; to oxidize; as, a man burns a certain amount of carbon at each respiration; to burn iron in oxygen. [1913 Webster]

     {To burn}, {To burn together}, as two surfaces of metal (Engin.), to fuse and unite them by pouring over them a quantity of the same metal in a liquid state.

     {To burn a bowl} (Game of Bowls), to displace it accidentally, the bowl so displaced being said to be burned.

     {To burn daylight}, to light candles before it is dark; to waste time; to perform superfluous actions. --Shak.

     {To burn one's fingers}, to get one's self into unexpected trouble, as by interfering the concerns of others, speculation, etc.

     {To burn out},
        (a) to destroy or obliterate by burning. "Must you with hot irons burn out mine eyes?" --Shak. (b) to force (people) to flee by burning their homes or places of business; as, the rioters burned out the Chinese businessmen.

     {To be burned out}, to suffer loss by fire, as the burning of one's house, store, or shop, with the contents.

     {To burn up}, {To burn down}, to burn entirely. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

Burn \Burn\, n.
     1. A hurt, injury, or effect caused by fire or excessive or intense heat. [1913 Webster]

     2. The operation or result of burning or baking, as in brickmaking; as, they have a good burn. [1913 Webster]

     3. A disease in vegetables. See {Brand}, n., 6. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

Burn \Burn\, v. i.
     1. To be of fire; to flame. "The mount burned with fire."
        --Deut. ix. 15.
        [1913 Webster]

     2. To suffer from, or be scorched by, an excess of heat. [1913 Webster]

              Your meat doth burn, quoth I.         --Shak. [1913 Webster]

     3. To have a condition, quality, appearance, sensation, or emotion, as if on fire or excessively heated; to act or rage with destructive violence; to be in a state of lively emotion or strong desire; as, the face burns; to burn with fever. [1913 Webster]

              Did not our heart burn within us, while he talked with us by the way?                   --Luke xxiv.
                                                    32. [1913 Webster]

              The barge she sat in, like a burnished throne, Burned on the water.                  --Shak. [1913 Webster]

              Burning with high hope.               --Byron. [1913 Webster]

              The groan still deepens, and the combat burns.
                                                    --Pope. [1913 Webster]

              The parching air
              Burns frore, and cold performs the effect of fire.
                                                    --Milton. [1913 Webster]

     4. (Chem.) To combine energetically, with evolution of heat; as, copper burns in chlorine. [1913 Webster]

     5. In certain games, to approach near to a concealed object which is sought. [Colloq.] [1913 Webster]

     {To burn up}, {To burn down}, to be entirely consumed. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

Burn \Burn\, n. [See 1st {Bourn}.]
     A small stream. [Scot.]
     [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

506 Moby Thesaurus words for "burn":
     Earth insertion, LEM, LM, abrade, abrasion, adolescent stream, afflict, agonize, ail, air-dry, altitude peak, anhydrate, apogee, arroyo, assault, attack, attitude-control rocket, automatic control, bake, ballistic capsule, bank, barbarize, bark, batter, be bright, be in heat, be livid, be pissed, be warm, beacon, beam, beat, beat down, beck, bedazzle, beguile of, behead, bilk, bite, blacken, blast-off, blaze, blaze up, blemish, blind, blister, bloody, bloom, blot, blow down, blow up, bluster, boil, boil over, bourn, bowstring, braided stream, branch, brand, break, break down, bring down, bristle, broil, bronze, brook, brooklet, brown, browned off, brush, brutalize, bulldoze, bunco, burn down, burn in, burn off, burning, burning pain, burnout, burst into flame, butcher, capsule, carry on, cast, cast down, catch, catch fire, catch on fire, cauterize, ceiling, chafe, channel, char, cheat, check, chip, chisel, choke, chop down, chouse, chouse out of, claw, coal, cog, cog the dice, combust, con, concussion, conflagrate, consume, convulse, cook, cozen, crack, crackle, craze, creek, cremate, crib, crick, crucify, cupel, cure, cut, cut down, daze, dazzle, decapitate, decollate, deep-space ship, defenestrate, defraud, dehumidify, dehydrate, descent, desiccate, desire, destroy, diddle, diffuse light, distress, do in, do out of, docking, docking maneuver, drain, dry, electrocute, embrown, end of burning, enkindle, euchre, evaporate, excruciate, execute, exsiccate, fan the flame, feed, feed the fire, fell, ferry rocket, fester, finagle, fire, flam, flame, flame up, flare, flare up, flash, flash burn, flatten, fleece, flicker, flight, flimflam, flowing stream, flush, fluviation, fob, found, fracture, fray, frazzle, fresh, freshet, fret, fritter away, fry, fudge, fuel ship, fulgurate, fume, gall, garrote, gash, gasp, get wind of, gill, give light, give pain, glance, glare, gleam, glint, glow, gnaw, go on, gouge, gripe, guillotine, gull, gyp, hammer, harrow, have, have a conniption, hocus, hocus-pocus, hurt, ignite, ignition, impact, incandesce, incinerate, incise, incision, inflame, inflict capital punishment, inflict pain, infuscate, injection, injure, injury, insertion, insolate, irritate, itch, kill, kill by inches, kiln, kindle, knock down, knock over, lacerate, laceration, lapidate, launch, lay waste, lazy stream, lesion, level, lift-off, light, light up, long, loot, lunar excursion module, lunar module, luster, maim, make mincemeat of, manned rocket, martyr, martyrize, mat burn, maul, meandering stream, melt, midchannel, midstream, millstream, module, moon ship, mortal wound, moving road, mow down, mug, mulct, multistage rocket, mummify, mutilate, mutilation, navigable river, nip, nose out, orbit, overreach, oxidate, oxidize, pack the deal, pain, pant, parch, parking orbit, perigee, pierce, pigeon, pillage, pinch, pissed off, practice fraud upon, prick, prolong the agony, prostrate, pull down, puncture, put to death, put to torture, pyrolyze, race, racing stream, rack, radiate, radiate heat, rage, raise Cain, raise hell, raise the devil, raise the roof, ramp, rampage, rankle, rant, rant and rave, rape, rase, rasp, rave, raze, ream, reduce to ashes, reentry, rekindle, relight, relume, rend, rent, riot, rip, river, rivulet, roar, roast, rocket, rocket launching, rook, rub, ruin, run, rundle, runlet, runnel, rupture, rust, sack, savage, scald, scam, scent, scorch, scotch, scrape, scratch, screw, scuff, sear, second-degree burn, seethe, sell gold bricks, send out rays, set fire to, set on fire, shave, shimmer with heat, shine, shine brightly, shoot, shoot out rays, shortchange, shot, shrivel, shuttle rocket, sike, simmer, singe, sizzle, skin, slash, slaughter, slit, smart, smarting, smash, smell, smell out, smoke, smolder, smother, smoulder, sniff, sniff out, soak up, soft landing, solder, sore, sow chaos, space capsule, space docking, space rocket, spacecraft, spaceship, spark, spill stream, sponge, sprain, sputter, squander, stab, stab wound, stack the cards, steam, steamroller, stew, stick, stifle, sting, stinging, stir the fire, stoke, stoke the fire, stone, storm, strain, strangle, stream, stream action, streamlet, strike a light, subterranean river, suffocate, sun, sun-dry, sunburn, sunscald, suntan, swab, sweat, swelter, swindle, swinge, take, take a dive, take down, take on, tan, tear, tear around, tear down, terrorize, thimblerig, third-degree burn, throw a fight, throw a fit, throw away, throw down, tingle, tingling, toast, torch, torment, torrefy, torture, touch off, towel, trajectory, trauma, traumatize, tweak, twist, urtication, use, vandalize, velocity peak, vesicate, victimize, violate, vulcanize, wadi, warm, waste, watercourse, waterway, weazen, weld, windburn, wipe, wish, wither, wizen, wound, wounds immedicable, wreck, wrench, wring, yearn


Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 [moby-thesaurus]


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