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Definition of ASSAY

4 definitions found:

Assay \As*say"\, n. [OF. asai, essai, trial, F. essa. See {Essay}, n.]
     1. Trial; attempt; essay. [Obs.] --Chaucer.
        [1913 Webster]

              I am withal persuaded that it may prove much more easy in the assay than it now seems at distance.
                                                    --Milton. [1913 Webster]

     2. Examination and determination; test; as, an assay of bread or wine. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

              This can not be, by no assay of reason. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

     3. Trial by danger or by affliction; adventure; risk; hardship; state of being tried. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

              Through many hard assays which did betide.
                                                    --Spenser. [1913 Webster]

     4. Tested purity or value. [Obs.]
        [1913 Webster]

              With gold and pearl of rich assay.    --Spenser. [1913 Webster]

     5. (Metallurgy) The act or process of ascertaining the proportion of a particular metal in an ore or alloy; especially, the determination of the proportion of gold or silver in bullion or coin. [1913 Webster]

     6. The alloy or metal to be assayed. --Ure.
        [1913 Webster]

     Usage: {Assay} and {essay} are radically the same word; but modern usage has appropriated {assay} chiefly to experiments in metallurgy, and {essay} to intellectual and bodily efforts. See {Essay}. [1913 Webster]

     Note: Assay is used adjectively or as the first part of a compound; as, assay balance, assay furnace. [1913 Webster]

     {Assay master}, an officer who assays or tests gold or silver coin or bullion.

     {Assay ton}, a weight of 29,1662/3 grams.
        [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

Assay \As*say"\, v. i.
     To attempt, try, or endeavor. [Archaic. In this sense essay is now commonly used.] [1913 Webster]

           She thrice assayed to speak.             --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

Assay \As*say"\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Assayed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Assaying}.] [OF. asaier, essaier, F. essayer, fr. essai. See {Assay}, n., {Essay}, v.]
     1. To try; to attempt; to apply. [Obs. or Archaic] [1913 Webster]

              To-night let us assay our plot.       --Shak. [1913 Webster]

              Soft words to his fierce passion she assayed.
                                                    --Milton. [1913 Webster]

     2. To affect. [Obs.]
        [1913 Webster]

              When the heart is ill assayed.        --Spenser. [1913 Webster]

     3. To try tasting, as food or drink. [Obs.]
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     4. To subject, as an ore, alloy, or other metallic compound, to chemical or metallurgical examination, in order to determine the amount of a particular metal contained in it, or to ascertain its composition. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

144 Moby Thesaurus words for "assay":
     acid test, analysis, analyzation, analyze, anatomize, anatomizing, anatomy, appraise, appreciate, approach, assaying, assess, attempt, bid, blank determination, break down, break up, breakdown, breaking down, breaking up, breakup, bring to test, brouillon, calculate, calibrate, caliper, chance, check a parameter, compute, confirm, crack, criterion, crucial test, crucible, cut and try, determination, dial, dissect, dissection, divide, division, docimasy, effort, endeavor, engage, essay, estimate, evaluate, experiment, fathom, feeling out, first draft, fling, gambit, gauge, give a try, give a tryout, go, graduate, gravimetric analysis, have a go, kiteflying, lick, lift a finger, make an attempt, make an effort, measure, mensurate, mete, meter, move, offer, ordeal, pace, play around with, plumb, practice upon, prize, probation, probe, proof, prove, proximate analysis, put to trial, quantify, quantitative analysis, quantize, rate, reduce, reduce to elements, reduction to elements, research, resolution, resolve, road-test, rough draft, rough sketch, run a sample, sample, segment, segmentation, semimicroanalysis, separate, separation, shake down, shot, size, size up, sound, sounding out, span, stab, standard, step, stroke, strong bid, subdivide, subdivision, substantiate, survey, take a reading, taste, tentative, test, test case, touchstone, trial, trial and error, triangulate, try, try it on, try out, undertake, undertaking, validate, valuate, value, venture, venture on, venture upon, verification, verify, weigh, whack

Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 [moby-thesaurus]

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