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Definition of DRAFF

2 definitions found:



Grain \Grain\ (gr[=a]n), n. [F. grain, L. granum, grain, seed, small kernel, small particle. See {Corn}, and cf. {Garner}, n., {Garnet}, {Gram} the chick-pea, {Granule}, {Kernel.}] [1913 Webster]
     1. A single small hard seed; a kernel, especially of those plants, like wheat, whose seeds are used for food. [1913 Webster]

     2. The fruit of certain grasses which furnish the chief food of man, as corn, wheat, rye, oats, etc., or the plants themselves; -- used collectively. [1913 Webster]

              Storehouses crammed with grain.       --Shak. [1913 Webster]

     3. Any small, hard particle, as of sand, sugar, salt, etc.; hence, any minute portion or particle; as, a grain of gunpowder, of pollen, of starch, of sense, of wit, etc. [1913 Webster]

              I . . . with a grain of manhood well resolved.
                                                    --Milton. [1913 Webster]

     4. The unit of the English system of weights; -- so called because considered equal to the average of grains taken from the middle of the ears of wheat. 7,000 grains constitute the pound avoirdupois, and 5,760 grains the pound troy. A grain is equal to .0648 gram. See {Gram.} [1913 Webster]

     5. A reddish dye made from the coccus insect, or kermes; hence, a red color of any tint or hue, as crimson, scarlet, etc.; sometimes used by the poets as equivalent to {Tyrian purple}. [1913 Webster]

              All in a robe of darkest grain.       --Milton. [1913 Webster]

              Doing as the dyers do, who, having first dipped their silks in colors of less value, then give' them the last tincture of crimson in grain. --Quoted by Coleridge, preface to Aids to Reflection. [1913 Webster]

     6. The composite particles of any substance; that arrangement of the particles of any body which determines its comparative roughness or hardness; texture; as, marble, sugar, sandstone, etc., of fine grain. [1913 Webster]

              Hard box, and linden of a softer grain. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

     7. The direction, arrangement, or appearance of the fibers in wood, or of the strata in stone, slate, etc. [1913 Webster]

              Knots, by the conflux of meeting sap, Infect the sound pine and divert his grain Tortive and errant from his course of growth.
                                                    --Shak. [1913 Webster]

     8. The fiber which forms the substance of wood or of any fibrous material. [1913 Webster]

     9. The hair side of a piece of leather, or the marking on that side. --Knight. [1913 Webster]

     10. pl. The remains of grain, etc., after brewing or distillation; hence, any residuum. Also called {draff}. [1913 Webster]

     11. (Bot.) A rounded prominence on the back of a sepal, as in the common dock. See {Grained}, a., 4. [1913 Webster]

     12. Temper; natural disposition; inclination. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

               Brothers . . . not united in grain.  --Hayward. [1913 Webster]

     13. A sort of spice, the grain of paradise. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

               He cheweth grain and licorice,
               To smellen sweet.                    --Chaucer. [1913 Webster]

     {Against the grain}, against or across the direction of the fibers; hence, against one's wishes or tastes; unwillingly; unpleasantly; reluctantly; with difficulty.
        --Swift. --Saintsbury.

     {A grain of allowance}, a slight indulgence or latitude a small allowance.

     {Grain binder}, an attachment to a harvester for binding the grain into sheaves.

     {Grain colors}, dyes made from the coccus or kermes insect.


     {Grain leather}.
         (a) Dressed horse hides.
         (b) Goat, seal, and other skins blacked on the grain side for women's shoes, etc.

     {Grain moth} (Zool.), one of several small moths, of the family {Tineid[ae]} (as {Tinea granella} and {Butalis cerealella}), whose larv[ae] devour grain in storehouses.


     {Grain side} (Leather), the side of a skin or hide from which the hair has been removed; -- opposed to {flesh side.}

     {Grains of paradise}, the seeds of a species of amomum.

     {grain tin}, crystalline tin ore metallic tin smelted with charcoal.

     {Grain weevil} (Zool.), a small red weevil ({Sitophilus granarius}), which destroys stored wheat and other grain, by eating out the interior.

     {Grain worm} (Zool.), the larva of the grain moth. See {grain moth}, above.

     {In grain}, of a fast color; deeply seated; fixed; innate; genuine. "Anguish in grain." --Herbert.

     {To dye in grain}, to dye of a fast color by means of the coccus or kermes grain [see {Grain}, n., 5]; hence, to dye firmly; also, to dye in the wool, or in the raw material. See under {Dye.} [1913 Webster]

              The red roses flush up in her cheeks . . . Likce crimson dyed in grain.          --Spenser.

     {To go against the grain of} (a person), to be repugnant to; to vex, irritate, mortify, or trouble. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

Draff \Draff\, n. [Cf. D. draf the sediment of ale, Icel. draf draff, husks. Cf. 1st {Drab}.] Refuse; lees; dregs; the wash given to swine or cows; hogwash; waste matter. [1913 Webster]

           Prodigals lately come from swine keeping, from eating draff and husks.                         -- Shak. [1913 Webster]

           The draff and offal of a bygone age.     -- Buckle. [1913 Webster]

           Mere chaff and draff, much better burnt. -- Tennyson. [1913 Webster]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]


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