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Definition of DISMAY

4 definitions found:

Dismay \Dis*may"\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Dismayed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Dismaying}.] [OE. desmaien, dismaien, OF. esmaier; pref. es- (L. ex) + OHG. magan to be strong or able; akin to E. may. In English the pref. es- was changed to dis- (L. dis-). See {May}, v. i.]
     1. To disable with alarm or apprehensions; to depress the spirits or courage of; to deprive or firmness and energy through fear; to daunt; to appall; to terrify. [1913 Webster]

              Be not afraid, neither be thou dismayed. --Josh. i.
                                                    9. [1913 Webster]

              What words be these? What fears do you dismay?
                                                    --Fairfax. [1913 Webster]

     2. To render lifeless; to subdue; to disquiet. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

              Do not dismay yourself for this.      --Spenser.

     Syn: To terrify; fright; affright; frighten; appall; daunt; dishearthen; dispirit; discourage; deject; depress. -- To {Dismay}, {Daunt}, {Appall}. Dismay denotes a state of deep and gloomy apprehension. To daunt supposes something more sudden and startling. To appall is the strongest term, implying a sense of terror which overwhelms the faculties. [1913 Webster]

                So flies a herd of beeves, that hear, dismayed, The lions roaring through the midnight shade.
                                                    --Pope. [1913 Webster]

                Jove got such heroes as my sire, whose soul No fear could daunt, nor earth nor hell control.
                                                    --Pope. [1913 Webster]

                Now the last ruin the whole host appalls; Now Greece has trembled in her wooden walls.
                                                    --Pope. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

Dismay \Dis*may"\, v. i.
     To take dismay or fright; to be filled with dismay. [Obs.]
     [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

Dismay \Dis*may"\, n. [Cf. OF. esmai, F. ['e]moi. See {Dismay}, v. t.]
     1. Loss of courage and firmness through fear; overwhelming and disabling terror; a sinking of the spirits; consternation. [1913 Webster]

              I . . . can not think of such a battle without dismay.                               --Macaulay. [1913 Webster]

              Thou with a tiger spring dost leap upon thy prey, And tear his helpless breast, o'erwhelmed with wild dismay.                               --Mrs. Barbauld. [1913 Webster]

     2. Condition fitted to dismay; ruin. --Spenser.

     Syn: Dejection; discouragement; depression; fear; fright; terror; apprehension; alarm; affright. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

76 Moby Thesaurus words for "dismay":
     abash, abject fear, affright, agitate, agitation, alarm, anxiety, appall, apprehension, astound, awe, bewilder, blue funk, bother, cold feet, confound, consternation, cow, cowardice, daunt, discomfit, discomfort, discompose, disconcert, discourage, dishearten, disquiet, distress, dread, dumbfound, embarrass, faze, fear, flummox, flurry, fluster, fright, frighten, funk, grieve, horrification, horrify, horror, intimidate, lament, moider, mourn, mystify, nonplus, pain, panic, panic fear, perplex, perturb, petrify, phobia, pother, put off, put out, puzzle, rattle, scare, shake, shock, sorrow, stampede, startle, take aback, terrify, terror, trepidation, unhinge, unholy dread, unnerve, unsettle, upset

Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 [moby-thesaurus]

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