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Definition of BASE

6 definitions found:



Base \Base\ (b[=a]s), a. [OE. bass, F. bas, low, fr. LL. bassus thick, fat, short, humble; cf. L. Bassus, a proper name, and W. bas shallow. Cf. {Bass} a part in music.]
     1. Of little, or less than the usual, height; of low growth; as, base shrubs. [Archaic] --Shak. [1913 Webster]

     2. Low in place or position. [Obs.] --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]

     3. Of humble birth; or low degree; lowly; mean. [Archaic] "A peasant and base swain." --Bacon. [1913 Webster]

     4. Illegitimate by birth; bastard. [Archaic]
        [1913 Webster]

              Why bastard? wherefore base?          --Shak. [1913 Webster]

     5. Of little comparative value, as metal inferior to gold and silver, the precious metals. [1913 Webster]

     6. Alloyed with inferior metal; debased; as, base coin; base bullion. [1913 Webster]

     7. Morally low. Hence: Low-minded; unworthy; without dignity of sentiment; ignoble; mean; illiberal; menial; as, a base fellow; base motives; base occupations. "A cruel act of a base and a cowardish mind." --Robynson (More's Utopia).
        "Base ingratitude." --Milton.
        [1913 Webster]

     8. Not classical or correct. "Base Latin." --Fuller. [1913 Webster]

     9. Deep or grave in sound; as, the base tone of a violin. [In this sense, commonly written {bass.}] [1913 Webster]

     10. (Law) Not held by honorable service; as, a base estate, one held by services not honorable; held by villenage. Such a tenure is called base, or low, and the tenant, a base tenant. [1913 Webster]

     {Base fee}, formerly, an estate held at the will of the lord; now, a qualified fee. See note under {Fee}, n., 4.

     {Base metal}. See under {Metal}.
        [1913 Webster]

     Syn: Dishonorable; worthless; ignoble; low-minded; infamous; sordid; degraded.

     Usage: {Base}, {Vile}, {Mean}. These words, as expressing moral qualities, are here arranged in the order of their strength, the strongest being placed first. Base marks a high degree of moral turpitude; vile and mean denote, in different degrees, the lack of what is valuable or worthy of esteem. What is base excites our abhorrence; what is vile provokes our disgust or indignation; what is mean awakens contempt. Base is opposed to high-minded; vile, to noble; mean, to liberal or generous. Ingratitude is base; sycophancy is vile; undue compliances are mean. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

Base \Base\, n. [F. base, L. basis, fr. Gr. ba`sis a stepping, step, a base, pedestal, fr. bai`nein to go, step, akin to E. come. Cf. {Basis}, and see {Come}.]
     1. The bottom of anything, considered as its support, or that on which something rests for support; the foundation; as, the base of a statue. "The base of mighty mountains."
        --Prescott.
        [1913 Webster]

     2. Fig.: The fundamental or essential part of a thing; the essential principle; a groundwork. [1913 Webster]

     3. (Arch.)
        (a) The lower part of a wall, pier, or column, when treated as a separate feature, usually in projection, or especially ornamented. (b) The lower part of a complete architectural design, as of a monument; also, the lower part of any elaborate piece of furniture or decoration. [1913 Webster]

     4. (Bot.) That extremity of a leaf, fruit, etc., at which it is attached to its support. [1913 Webster]

     5. (Chem.) The positive, or non-acid component of a salt; a substance which, combined with an acid, neutralizes the latter and forms a salt; -- applied also to the hydroxides of the positive elements or radicals, and to certain organic bodies resembling them in their property of forming salts with acids. [1913 Webster]

     6. (Pharmacy) The chief ingredient in a compound. [1913 Webster]

     7. (Dyeing) A substance used as a mordant. --Ure. [1913 Webster]

     8. (Fort.) The exterior side of the polygon, or that imaginary line which connects the salient angles of two adjacent bastions. [1913 Webster]

     9. (Geom.) The line or surface constituting that part of a figure on which it is supposed to stand. [1913 Webster]

     10. (Math.) The number from which a mathematical table is constructed; as, the base of a system of logarithms. [1913 Webster]

     11. [See {Base} low.] A low, or deep, sound. (Mus.) (a) The lowest part; the deepest male voice. (b) One who sings, or the instrument which plays, base. [Now commonly written {bass}.] [1913 Webster]

                   The trebles squeak for fear, the bases roar.
                                                    --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

     12. (Mil.) A place or tract of country, protected by fortifications, or by natural advantages, from which the operations of an army proceed, forward movements are made, supplies are furnished, etc. [1913 Webster]

     13. (Mil.) The smallest kind of cannon. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

     14. (Zool.) That part of an organ by which it is attached to another more central organ. [1913 Webster]

     15. (Crystallog.) The basal plane of a crystal. [1913 Webster]

     16. (Geol.) The ground mass of a rock, especially if not distinctly crystalline. [1913 Webster]

     17. (Her.) The lower part of the field. See {Escutcheon}. [1913 Webster]

     18. The housing of a horse. [Obs.]
         [1913 Webster]

     19. pl. A kind of skirt (often of velvet or brocade, but sometimes of mailed armor) which hung from the middle to about the knees, or lower. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

     20. The lower part of a robe or petticoat. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

     21. An apron. [Obs.] "Bakers in their linen bases."
         --Marston.
         [1913 Webster]

     22. The point or line from which a start is made; a starting place or a goal in various games. [1913 Webster]

               To their appointed base they went.   --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

     23. (Surv.) A line in a survey which, being accurately determined in length and position, serves as the origin from which to compute the distances and positions of any points or objects connected with it by a system of triangles. --Lyman. [1913 Webster]

     24. A rustic play; -- called also {prisoner's base}, {prison base}, or {bars}. "To run the country base." --Shak. [1913 Webster]

     25. (Baseball) Any one of the four bounds which mark the circuit of the infield. [1913 Webster]

     {Altern base}. See under {Altern}.

     {Attic base}. (Arch.) See under {Attic}.

     {Base course}. (Arch.)
         (a) The first or lower course of a foundation wall, made of large stones or a mass of concrete; -- called also {foundation course}. (b) The architectural member forming the transition between the basement and the wall above.

     {Base hit} (Baseball), a hit, by which the batsman, without any error on the part of his opponents, is able to reach the first base without being put out.

     {Base line}.
         (a) A main line taken as a base, as in surveying or in military operations. (b) A line traced round a cannon at the rear of the vent.


     {Base plate}, the foundation plate of heavy machinery, as of the steam engine; the bed plate.

     {Base ring} (Ordnance), a projecting band of metal around the breech, connected with the body of the gun by a concave molding. --H. L. Scott. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

Base \Base\, v. t. [See {Base}, a., and cf. {Abase}.]
     1. To abase; to let, or cast, down; to lower. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

              If any . . . based his pike.          --Sir T. North. [1913 Webster]

     2. To reduce the value of; to debase. [Obs.]
        [1913 Webster]

              Metals which we can not base.         --Bacon. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

Base \Base\ (b[=a]s), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Based} (b[=a]sd); p. pr. & vb. n. {Basing}.] [From {Base}, n.] To put on a base or basis; to lay the foundation of; to found, as an argument or conclusion; -- used with on or upon.
     --Bacon.
     [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

Bass \Bass\ (b[=a]s), n. [F. basse, fr. bas low. See {Base}, a.] [1913 Webster]
     1. A bass, or deep, sound or tone.
        [1913 Webster]

     2. (Mus.)
        (a) The lowest part in a musical composition. (b) One who sings, or the instrument which plays, bass. [Written also {base}.] [1913 Webster]

     {Thorough bass}. See {Thorough bass}.
        [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]

488 Moby Thesaurus words for "base":
     CP, GHQ, HQ, Mickey Mouse, abhorrent, abject, abominable, acid, acidity, agent, alkali, alkalinity, alloisomer, anchor, angle, anion, antacid, antecedents, arrant, atom, atrocious, awful, background, bad, baluster, balustrade, banister, base of operations, base-minded, baseboard, baseborn, basement, basis, bearing wall, beastly, bed, bed on, bedding, bedrock, beggarly, below contempt, beneath contempt, biochemical, black, blackguardly, blamable, blameworthy, bolster, bottom, bottom on, brutal, build, build in, build on, buttress, caitiff, call, camp, caryatid, cation, causation, cause, cause and effect, center of authority, central administration, central office, central station, chassis, cheap, cheesy, chemical, chemical element, chromoisomer, clown white, coarse, cold cream, collector, colonnade, column, command post, common, compact, company headquarters, compound, construct, contemptible, copolymer, core, corrupt, cosmetics, counterfeit, cowardly, craven, criminal, crude, crummy, dado, damnable, dark, dastard, dastardly, debased, deficient, degraded, degrading, deplorable, depraved, derive, despicable, determinant, determinative, detestable, die, dimer, dire, dirty, disgraceful, disgusting, dishonorable, disreputable, distance, downtrodden, draw, dreadful, drugstore complexion, dunghill, dunghilly, egregious, element, emitter, enormous, establish, etiology, evil, evil-minded, execrable, eye shadow, eyebrow pencil, factor, fake, fetid, filamentary transistor, filthy, fix, flagitious, flagrant, floor, flooring, fond, foot, footing, footstalk, forbidding, forged, form, foul, found, found on, foundation, foundation cream, fourth-class, frame, framework, fraudulent, fulsome, fundament, fundamental, general headquarters, germanium crystal triode, grave, greasepaint, grievous, gross, ground, ground on, grounds, groundwork, hand cream, hand lotion, hardpan, hateful, headquarters, heavy chemicals, heinous, high polymer, hinge, home, homopolymer, hook-collector transistor, horrible, horrid, humble, humiliating, hydracid, ignoble, ignominious, imperfect, improper, inadequate, incompetent, indecent, infamous, inferior, infra dig, infrastructure, iniquitous, inorganic chemical, install, insufferable, insufficient, invest, ion, irregular, isomer, jack, keel, knavish, lamentable, lascivious, lay the foundation, lewd, line of departure, lip rouge, lipstick, little, loathsome, lousy, low, low-class, low-down, low-grade, low-minded, low-quality, low-test, lowborn, lower strata, lowest level, lowest point, lowly, lumpen, macromolecule, main office, makeup, maladroit, malodorous, mangy, mascara, mean, measly, mediocre, menial, mephitic, metamer, miasmal, miasmic, miserable, molecule, monomer, monstrous, mopboard, mudpack, nadir, nail polish, nasty, naughty, nauseating, nefarious, neutralizer, newel-post, noisome, nonacid, not comparable, not in it, notorious, noxious, objectionable, obnoxious, obscene, occasion, odious, offensive, organic chemical, ornery, out of it, outrageous, oxyacid, paint, paltry, pavement, peccant, pedestal, pedicel, peduncle, perspective, petty, pier, pilaster, pile, piling, pillar, pinchbeck, pitch, pitiable, pitiful, place, plant, plebeian, plinth, point of departure, point-contact transistor, poky, pole, poltroon, poltroonish, polymer, poor, pornographic, port of embarkation, position, post, powder, powder puff, predicate, principle, profane, prop, pseudoisomer, puff, punk, pusillanimous, put in, put up, queen-post, radical, rank, rascally, reagent, rebarbative, recreant, regrettable, repellent, reprehensible, reprobate, reptilian, repugnant, repulsive, rest, revolting, ribald, riprap, rock bottom, roguish, root, rotten, rouge, rubbishy, rude, rudiment, sad, scabby, scampish, scandalous, schlock, scoundrelly, scrubby, scruffy, scummy, scurrilous, scurvy, seat, seating, second-best, second-class, secure, seedy, selfish, servile, set, set on, set up, shabby, shaft, shameful, shocking, shoddy, shoemold, sickening, sill, sinful, slavish, sleazy, small, socle, sole, solid ground, solid rock, sordid, sorry, spacistor, spurious, squalid, staff, stalk, stanchion, stand, standard, standing, start, starting gate, starting place, starting point, starting post, station, status, stay, stem, stereobate, stimulus, stinking, stylobate, subbase, submissive, subservient, substratum, substruction, substructure, sulfacid, support, surbase, tacky, takeoff, talcum, talcum powder, tatty, terra firma, terrible, tetrode transistor, theme, third-class, third-rate, tinny, toe, too bad, transistor, trashy, trimer, trivial, trunk, ugly, unclean, underbuilding, undercarriage, undergird, undergirding, underlie, underlying level, underpinning, understruction, understructure, undignified, unforgivable, unipolar transistor, unmentionable, unpardonable, unseemly, unskillful, unspeakable, unwashed, unworthy, upright, vanishing cream, vanity case, venue, vest, vicious, viewpoint, vile, villainous, vulgar, wainscot, war paint, warrant, wicked, woeful, worst, worthless, wretched, wrong


Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 [moby-thesaurus]


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